Subseries AC/12 - Petroleum Planning Committee


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Petroleum Planning Committee


  • 1952 - 2003 (Creation)

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The AC/12 chronological series contains the records of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC). The PPC is one of the eight Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) planning boards and committees responsible for peacetime coordination and follow-up of the NATO countries' arrangements for maintaining civil preparedness in emergencies and times of crisis. Its creation is approved by the Council Deputies on 28 January 1952 (see D-R(52)8). Its initial terms of reference established on 28 January 1952 (see (D-D(52)6-FINAL) were amended on 28/11/1952 (C-M(52)112), then revised on 15/12/1966 (AC/12-D/357). In line with its terms of reference, the PPC established the bodies it deemed appropriate to assist it. For information, three sub-groups were active in 1988: the PPC Working Group (PPCWG), the Oil Data and Communication Group (ODCG), and the Training and Exercise Group (TEG) (see AC/12-D/795). The PPC's mission was to appraise the countries' petroleum requirements in the event of war and do the necessary planning for meeting any problems that might arise (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Starting in 1973, the planning also covered gas requirements (see AC/12-DS/69). For that purpose, it was responsible for the proper functioning of the NATO Wartime Oil Organization (NWOO). In these fields, the PPC's functions conformed to the basic aims of CEP, i.e. to ensure the survival of populations in the event of an attack, the support of military operations, the protection and utilization of vital resources, and the early recovery and rehabilitation of the countries (see AC/12-D/357). The PPC normally met twice a year (see AC/12-D/795). The chairmanship, preferably rotational, was held by a national representative for a period of three years; starting in 1962 the chairman could be re-elected for a further one year (see AC/12-R/42 and AC/98-D/161). Representatives of the NATO military committees had to attend the meetings of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC).Originally the PPC reported to the Council Deputies through the Financial and Economic Board (FEB) (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Each government was represented in the PPC by a representative and an alternate. It could also designate advisers to its representative (see D-D(52)6-FINAL).After the FEB was abolished in 1952 (see D-R(52)27-FINAL), the PPC was linked to the Committee on Wartime Commodity Problems (AC/25) until the latter was dissolved for the creation of the SCEPC (see AC/98-D/1 and C-M(55)100).Thus the PPC became one of the CEP planning boards and committees. Given the review of the the CEP planning and review cycle every four years, the PPC approved its program and its work objectives for the forthcoming cycle at the start of each cycle. These proposals were submitted to the SCEPC, then to the Council, and finally to the ministers for approval (see C-M(77)16). During the cycle, the PPC made an annual report to the SCEPC plenary and, through it, to the Council (see AC/12-D/79). In its annual report, the PPC presented to what extent progress had been made, indicating wherever possible how the Allied countries had benefited from its work (see AC/12-D/357).It had a close working relationship, either directly or through its subordinate services, with the other NATO bodies involved in the development of plans for the wartime oil situation: in particular with the Standing Group, the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping and the Defence Production Board (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). The PPC was declared dormant by the SCEPC on 21/01/1999, then disbanded on 7 January 2003 (see AC/98-N(2003)1)

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Documents in the AC/12 chronological series report on the work of the PPC and its relations with its subgroups. These include administrative and technical documents.
The former are mainly terms of reference and meeting records of PPC subcommittees, programmes of work and annual activity reports from the PPC to the SCEPC, PPC meeting records for the SCEPC, and documents on the selection and appointment of staff in bodies affiliated with the PPC.

These affiliated bodies include in particular the Joint Operational Staff (JOS), the NATO Wartime Oil Organization (NWOO) and the Petroleum Expert Group (PEG).

From a technical standpoint, the PPC sent out questionnaires to the nations and received activity reports in response. The questionnaires and reports concerned the build-up of stocks, the storage, the transport and the distribution of oil and gas, for military and civil stocks in the NATO zone in peacetime and wartime (e.g. nuclear). There are also discussions of the conditions required for trade in fuels with non-NATO countries in both wartime and peacetime.

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The documents are arranged by type - Document (D), Decision Sheet (DS), Note (N), Record/Summary Record (R) and Working Paper (WP)-. and then by number.

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NATO publicly disclosed information is available for research and education purposes. Any commercial use requires the written permission of NATO. Please credit the NATO Archives should any documents be used for publication. Guidelines for the proper citation of NATO publicly disclosed information can be found on the NATO Archives website (

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The documents of the chronological series were circulated in both NATO official languages (English and French).

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