- 1952 (Creation)
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The AC/14 chronological series contains the documents of the Legal Working Group on Reciprocal Engagements between members of NATO and members of the European Defence Community (EDC). The working group was set up by the Council Deputies on 31 January 1952 (see D-D(52)35). At their meeting on 19 December 1951, the Deputies decided to send a member of the International Staff (IS) as an observer to the Paris Conference for the Organization of a European Defence Community (20–21 December 1951) and the Conference of Ministers (27–30 December 1951). The observer's mission consisted in indicating to the Deputies which of the provisions proposed or discussed were likely to involve the question of relations between NATO and the EDC, i.e. those of a military, institutional, scientific or financial character (see D-D(52)3). The Working Group's task was to prepare for the North Atlantic Council (the Council) a Protocol for correlating the nations' obligations under the Treaty Establishing the EDC and the North Atlantic Treaty respectively (see D-D(52)22 and AC/14-R/1)). The Council Deputies communicated their requests for changes to the text to the Working Group through documents referenced D-D and signed by the Executive Secretary. The Working Group applied the instructions in the AC/14-D documents. A first draft and then four revisions were required before the Council could sign off on it. One or two attachés from each national delegation (1st or 2nd secretary, or advisor to the national representative) had to participate in the Working Group. Three Committee Secretaries worked in turns (see AC/14-R1 and C-N(52)4). On 27 May 1952, the "Treaty Establishing the European Defence Community" and then the "Protocol to the North Atlantic Treaty on guarantees given by the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty to the members of the European Defence Community" were signed (see ISM(52)18).
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Scope and content
The AC/14 chronological series reports on the work of the Legal Working Group and its relations with the Council Deputies.
It contains copies of the draft texts produced by the Delegations of the United Kingdom, France and the United States that were discussed by the Council Deputies, who requested a revision.
Special attention is paid to Articles 3, 4 and especially 5 and 6 of the North Atlantic Treaty (see D-D(52)35-FINAL and AC/14-R/1).
There are also revised draft texts of the articles establishing the EDC subject to prior discussion by the Paris Conference.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
The documents are arranged by type - document (D), meeting record (R) and verbatim record (VR)-, then by number.
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Conditions governing access
NATO publicly disclosed information is available for research and education purposes. Any commercial use requires the written permission of NATO. Please credit the NATO Archives should any documents be used for publication. Guidelines for the proper citation of NATO publicly disclosed information can be found on the NATO Archives website (http://www.nato.int/archives).
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With the exception of AC/14-D2, AC/14-D3 and AC/14-D4 (English only), documents were circulated in NATO's two official languages, English and French.
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