- 1953 - 1974 (Creation)
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The AC/52 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations.This committee was established on 8 July 1953 by the North Atlantic Council after the latter approved the merger of two working groups - the Working Group on Information Policy(1) and the Working Group on Social and Cultural Co-operation(2) into a single joint working group on cultural co-operation and information policy (C-R(53)34). Its terms of reference were approved on 2 September 1953 (C-R(53)40), at which time it was given the title of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations (CICR). The CICR reported directly to the Council. It had two functions: information and cultural relations. The CICR worked on information issues with the Information Service, in particular providing its advice on the policy aspect of that Service's activities. On 12 April 1961, the Council approved the disbandment of the Working Group on Psychological Action (AC/186) (C-R(61)12) and decided to task the CICR with its work. A new paragraph was added to the Committee's terms of reference (AC/52-WP(61)28, dated 3 June 1961). The Committee was tasked to "serve as the usual forum for the discussion of day-to-day questions arising in the field of psychological action, as defined in the report of the Working Group on Psychological Action C-M(61)25".The CICR had a range of activities. It reported on Communist anti-Western propaganda in meetings, conferences, assemblies, publications, journals and radio broadcasts on the subject. It even set up an Ad Hoc Study Group on the Communist Offensive in the Youth Field (C-M(61)91 and AC/52-WP(63)2). Another CICR activity was a teaching and research fellowship programme, as well as a summer university course. Among other Committee activities worthy of note are the preparation of events marking NATO anniversaries, participation in conventions, contacts with various organizations such as the College of Europe, UNESCO and others, and studies on relations between the Atlantic Community and the Soviet bloc.This Committee is a standing committee which still operates today(3) .
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Scope and content
Records in the AC/52 series include notes from Member country delegations on their exchanges with the satellite countries, intelligence on the fight against Communist propaganda in the Member countries, and information about NATO’s overall information policy and the cultural links between Member countries. The series also includes information about the structure and operation of various countries’ information services and about UNESCO’s activities in the area of cultural relations between Europe and the United States. The series contains intelligence on Communist countries and para-Communist organizations. In it can be found records on the Hungarian student refugees further to the events of 1956 in Hungary, information about the student conference on security in Europe (Bucharest, 1974), intelligence on the information activities of the Soviet Union and China (1974) as well as the Member countries’ answers to the Committee’s questionnaires on exchanges between the Atlantic Community and the Soviet bloc (1958). This series also contains activity reports of the Information Service, draft cultural programmes, information on the celebration of NATO anniversaries, and other material.
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System of arrangement
The AC/52 series documents circulated by the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations are arranged by type - generally Document (D), Note (N), Record/Summary Record (R), Working Paper (WP) - and then by year and number. However, the year is not given for Documents from 1961 and 1972-74, Notes from 1953 and 1959-73, and Working Papers from 1973.
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Conditions governing access
NATO publicly disclosed information is available for research and education purposes. Any commercial use requires the written permission of NATO. Please credit the NATO Archives should any documents be used for publication. Guidelines for the proper citation of NATO publicly disclosed information can be found on the NATO Archives website (http://www.nato.int/archives).
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Language and script notes
The records of the chronological series were circulated in both NATO official languages (English and French).
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(1) See the series under reference AC/24.
(2) See the series under reference AC/31.
(3) In September 2004 it was renamed the „Committee on Public Diplomacy“ and its terms of reference were redefined in document PO(2004)0107.
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