Authority record. Showing 206 results

NATO International Information Conference

  • AC/1
  • Corporate body
  • 1951

The AC/1 chronological series contains the records of the NATO International Information Conference. This conference was held on 12-14 April 1951 in London, under the auspices of the NATO Information Service and the Heads of Information Services of the twelve signatories to the North Atlantic Treaty.Its purpose was to elicit discussion of the programme proposed by the NATO Information Service, to define the role of NATO's civil and military bodies in the area of information and to allow officials from the various national Information Services to outline the situation prevailing in their countries. During the Conference, problems of organization and liaison between the national information services and the NATO Information Service were addressed. Finally, the conference provided an opportunity to deal with issues related to the use of information technologies and resources for raising awareness of NATO, as well as to the strategy employed in the ideological struggle.The delegates examined several resolutions, which led to the submission of recommendations to the Council Deputies(1).

Atlantic Community Committee

  • AC/10
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1952

The AC/10 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on the North Atlantic Community.Established in October 1951, this Committee was responsible for making recommendations on foreign policy co-ordination and discussions, closer economic, financial and social ties and, finally, co-operation on culture and information. To assist it in its duties, it set up a working group tasked with the preparatory work for the Committee’s endeavours, whose duties are detailed in the first document of the series (see AC/10-D/1). The Committee and the Working Group both met in Belgrave Square, London and, in the documents, are often referred to indiscriminately.A report (see C/8-D/6) was submitted to the Council by the Committee in February 1952. The Council agreed the Committee’s recommendations, including the resolution to eliminate the Committee and to transfer its role and responsibilities to the North Atlantic Council.

Defence Planning - Multilateral Discussions

  • AC/100
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The AC/100 chronological series contains the records on the Defence Planning Multilateral Discussions.
These discussions took place in a context of growing tension and threat to the NATO countries. These threats were due, firstly, to the modernization of armaments and the spread of nuclear weapons and, secondly, to new political factors such as the creation of the Warsaw Pact and the change in the USSR’s stance on the reunification of Germany.
In November 1955, the International Staff expressed the desire to set out a procedure for adjusting defence planning (see C-M(55)113). This was accomplished through the draft Council resolution of 6 December 1955 (see C-M(55)120), which suggested defence planning discussions as
a way of making as much information about the defence problems as possible available to all the countries and fostering collective exchanges of views on those problems. It also made provision for discussions that brought together the civil and military representatives of the Member governments, the NATO military authorities and the International Staff. This resolution was adopted by the Council at its meeting on 15 December 1955 (see C-R(55)59).
At the first Council meeting of 1956 (C-R(56)1), the Secretary General of the Organization, Lord Ismay, said that the aim of the discussions would be to enable each NATO country to have authoritative advice on the new defence planning structure.
The meetings, held on 20-26 February 1956, were chaired by Lord Ismay. Their mission was to provide information rather than produce decisions, and took the form of briefings(1) by the military authorities followed by discussions(2). There were no further discussions of this kind after that point.
Working groups were formed, two of which produced documents. The first had been set up to review the divisional organization of the land forces (see AC/100(WG-1)R/1 and AC/100(WG-1)VR/1). The second was tasked with reviewing the forward scatter system (see AC/100(WG-2)D/1 and AC/100(WG-2)WP/1 and 2).

Working Group to Examine International Coordination of Supply in Wartime

  • AC/101
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1958

From 1950 (see C/4-D-4/9 and C-M(55)71), the Council (with the support of the Delegations) affirmed the need for Commodity Boards responsible for: -establishing priority civil and military requirements in wartime -comparing requirements and available resources -proposing the agreements needed. France proposed that this body be created in peacetime so that priorities could be coordinated in advance. There was no unanimity on this proposal. On 31 January 1956, subject to confirmation by those countries which were hesitating, the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (AC/98) approved the creation of AC/101 (see AC/98-R/1). F.D. Gregh (ASG for Economic and Financial Affairs) was appointed Chairman of AC/101. One representative per member nation, the representative of the Standing Group Liaison Office in Paris and a SHAPE representative also attended the meetings. AC/101 was tasked with finalizing the draft terms of reference for a Central Supplies Agency (CSA) presented by France (AC/101-D/1), i.e.: -decide whether the body should exist in peacetime or wartime-establish the composition and terms of reference of this body. AC/101 delegated this task to a sub-group consisting of representatives of the United States, France, the Netherlands, Italy and the United Kingdom.

Working Group on Article 2 Survey

  • AC/108
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The AC/108 chronological series contains the documents of the Working Group on Article 2 Survey. This working group was established by a Council decision (see C-R(56)24) to verify and review the survey of Article 2 of the North Atlantic Treaty (see C-M(56)45). It met regularly between May and October 1956, after which time the Working Group continued to consider possible amendments to the new version of Article 2 that was presented in August 1956, with a view to publishing them before the end of 1956. Once its task was completed in December 1956, the Working Group’s work came to an end.

Working Group on Sharing Costs of SACLANT Headquarters

  • AC/11
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1952

The AC/11 chronological series contains the records of the Working Group on Sharing Costs of SACLANT (Supreme Allied Command Atlantic) Headquarters. The Working Group was created by the Council Deputies on 22 August 1951 and given the task of finding a formula for sharing the costs of the SACLANT budget (D-R(51)63). The meetings were chaired by G. O. J. van Tets and attended by a representative of each national delegation. The Working Group held its first meeting on 18 October 1951 and met six additional times over the proceeding seven months. During the meetings the Working Group discussed how the costs of the SACLANT Headquarters should be divided amongst them. This proved to be a very contentious issue and there was considerable debate on the subject. Numerous proposals were made over the course of the meetings; some favoured grouping the nations by size, while others preferred to derive the contribution from GNP. The Working Group finally agreed, albeit with reservations, to a method of dividing the costs on their last meeting on 4 April 1952.

Committee of Technical Advisors

  • AC/110
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1957

The AC/110 chronological series contains the records of the Committee of Technical Advisors.This committee was created by the Council in July 1956, with the primary purpose being to come to the aid of the underdeveloped countries (proposal by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Christian Pineau). Consisting of representatives from each member country, the committee worked under the authority of the Council. It was tasked with summarizing the position taken by each member nation on the links between the problems of economic development in the underdeveloped countries on the one hand, and the stability and well-being of the NATO member nations on the other, as well as the various economic and technical aspects of the Pineau plan. The Committee met for the first time on 23 July 1956. It submitted its report to the Council on 18 December 1956 (C-M(56)142), which discussed it at its meeting on 16 January,1957 (C-R(57)3).In January 1957, the Committee was disbanded following the creation of the Economic Committee(1), to which its functions and responsibilities were transferred (C-M(56)127).

Ad Hoc Working Group on Pipelines

  • AC/111
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The AC/111 chronological series contains the records of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Pipelines.At its meeting on 18 July 1956 (C-R(56)40), the Council examined a note submitted by the French delegation (C-M(56)95). It subsequently decided to set up an ad hoc working group responsible for submitting recommendations to it on the French proposals seeking a revision of documents C-M(55)74 and C-M(56)83 in connection with the Central Europe area.France felt that it was necessary to decentralize the NATO POL pipeline system as much as possible in order to ensure that it operated smoothly. With this in mind, it suggested that a national pipeline operating agency be set up in each country of Central Europe, and that the role of the NATO Central Europe Operating Agency be modified.The Working Group made up of representatives of the user nations of the Central Europe Pipeline System met for the first time on 27 July 1956 under the chairmanship of Mr A. F. Moreau, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Production and Logistics, assisted by representatives from the user nations, members of the International Staff and representatives from the Permanent Group and SHAPE.The Working Group examined the French proposals and produced a report which contained a specific project for the organization of the NATO Pipeline System in the central European region, which provided for the creation of a national agency in one or more countries, and which took account of the pressing need to put in place functional units known as "Divisions". This document, which is dated 11 December 1956, was submitted to the Council under reference C-M(56)129.The Council approved the text at its meeting on 19 December 1956 (C-R(56)77), and decided to recommend that interested countries immediately establish the proposed Organization, to wit the Central Europe Operating Agency and the Central Europe Pipeline Office.On 26 November 1956, after completing its work, the Working Group decided to disband.

NATO Pipeline Committee

  • AC/112
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1965

The AC/112 chronological series contains the records of the NATO Pipeline Committee. On 12 May 1954, the Council approved the establishment of a working group (C-R(54)21) tasked to study the proposals of the Permanent Group (SGM 234-54) for the supervision, operation and maintenance of the NATO POL Pipeline System. Pursuant to these instructions, this Working Group produced an initial report outlining the organization of the supervision, operation and maintenance of the POL system as a whole(1) (C-M(55)74). At its meeting on 18 July 1956, the Council decided (C-R(56)40) to set up the NATO Pipeline Committee, which was tasked, as provided for in documents C-M(55)74 and C-M(56)129, to act on its behalf, in close cooperation with NATO military authorities and other competent bodies (CEPO, CEOA, etc.), on all matters pertaining to the supervision, operation and maintenance of the infrastructure of pipelines of likely interest to NATO as a whole. The NATO Pipeline Committee, made up of representatives from each member nation, was to meet only as required. Its Chairman was appointed by the Secretary General.The Committee met for the first time on 16 August 1956 under the chairmanship of Mr. A. Moreau, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Production and Logistics. Its first task was to identify the main problems the Committee would need to resolve. It therefore focused initially on funding for the operation and maintenance of the System and on the status of personnel. At its third meeting on 5 November 1956, the Committee decided to set up a Working Group on damage, which would be responsible for looking into the problem of damage caused by the operation of the NATO Pipeline System and to submit proposals concerning financial arrangements and methods of settlement. By late 1965, the NATO Pipeline Committee had held 33 meetings. It still operates today under the name "NATO Petroleum Committee" (2).

Political Committee

  • AC/119
  • Corporate body
  • 1957

The AC/119 chronological series contains the records of the Political Committee. Established by the North Atlantic Council in January 1957 (C-M(57)3), pursuant to the recommendation of the Committee of Three(1), this committee is made up of a representative of each delegation, accompanied by experts from his or her country as required. It is chaired by the Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs. The Political Committee is responsible for carrying out all of the studies and preparatory work to assist the Council and the Secretary General in fulfilling their political consultation responsibilities. It inherited tasks that had been previously assigned to the Working Group on Trends of Soviet Policy(2). The Political Committee(3) met for the first time on 29 January 1957. In order to fulfil its wide-ranging mission, it was decided to set up subgroups of regional experts in order to address specific issues and provide a broad outline of the situation in each part of the world. Beginning in 1957, groups of regional experts reporting to the Political Committee began to operate. These were: - the Working Group on Trends of Soviet Policy, which took over from the former AC/34 working group; - the Group of Experts on the Satellite Countries, whose first report was issued in March 1957; - the Group of Middle East Experts, which met for the first time in March 1957; - the Group of Far East Experts, whose first meeting was held in November 1958; - the Working Group on Latin America, set up in 1961; - the Working Group on Africa, the only group whose documents had their own reference number (AC/146), which was abandoned in 1961. In 1967 the Council broadened the terms of reference of the Political Committee, after which point disarmament experts would meet under its auspices at regular intervals.The Political Committee is a standing committee which still sits today.

Petroleum Planning Committee

  • AC/12
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-2003

The AC/12 chronological series contains the records of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC). The PPC is one of the eight Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) planning boards and committees responsible for peacetime coordination and follow-up of the NATO countries' arrangements for maintaining civil preparedness in emergencies and times of crisis. Its creation is approved by the Council Deputies on 28 January 1952 (see D-R(52)8). Its initial terms of reference established on 28 January 1952 (see (D-D(52)6-FINAL) were amended on 28/11/1952 (C-M(52)112), then revised on 15/12/1966 (AC/12-D/357). In line with its terms of reference, the PPC established the bodies it deemed appropriate to assist it. For information, three sub-groups were active in 1988: the PPC Working Group (PPCWG), the Oil Data and Communication Group (ODCG), and the Training and Exercise Group (TEG) (see AC/12-D/795). The PPC's mission was to appraise the countries' petroleum requirements in the event of war and do the necessary planning for meeting any problems that might arise (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Starting in 1973, the planning also covered gas requirements (see AC/12-DS/69). For that purpose, it was responsible for the proper functioning of the NATO Wartime Oil Organization (NWOO). In these fields, the PPC's functions conformed to the basic aims of CEP, i.e. to ensure the survival of populations in the event of an attack, the support of military operations, the protection and utilization of vital resources, and the early recovery and rehabilitation of the countries (see AC/12-D/357). The PPC normally met twice a year (see AC/12-D/795). The chairmanship, preferably rotational, was held by a national representative for a period of three years; starting in 1962 the chairman could be re-elected for a further one year (see AC/12-R/42 and AC/98-D/161). Representatives of the NATO military committees had to attend the meetings of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC).Originally the PPC reported to the Council Deputies through the Financial and Economic Board (FEB) (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Each government was represented in the PPC by a representative and an alternate. It could also designate advisers to its representative (see D-D(52)6-FINAL).After the FEB was abolished in 1952 (see D-R(52)27-FINAL), the PPC was linked to the Committee on Wartime Commodity Problems (AC/25) until the latter was dissolved for the creation of the SCEPC (see AC/98-D/1 and C-M(55)100).Thus the PPC became one of the CEP planning boards and committees. Given the review of the the CEP planning and review cycle every four years, the PPC approved its program and its work objectives for the forthcoming cycle at the start of each cycle. These proposals were submitted to the SCEPC, then to the Council, and finally to the ministers for approval (see C-M(77)16). During the cycle, the PPC made an annual report to the SCEPC plenary and, through it, to the Council (see AC/12-D/79). In its annual report, the PPC presented to what extent progress had been made, indicating wherever possible how the Allied countries had benefited from its work (see AC/12-D/357).It had a close working relationship, either directly or through its subordinate services, with the other NATO bodies involved in the development of plans for the wartime oil situation: in particular with the Standing Group, the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping and the Defence Production Board (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). The PPC was declared dormant by the SCEPC on 21/01/1999, then disbanded on 7 January 2003 (see AC/98-N(2003)1)

Petroleum Planning Committee team of pipeline and storage experts

  • AC/12(PS)
  • Corporate body
  • 1953

The AC/12(PS) chronological series contains the records of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC) team of pipeline and storage experts (hereinafter referred to as "the Team").The Team was established by the PPC following a request from the Infrastructure Committee (see AC/12-D/45). Its mandate was to assess whether the Fifth Slice POL Infrastructure Programme, recommended by SHAPE in AG_6100/5/E-709/53_LOG, would overcome the shortfall in capabilities for the distribution of POL in the event of war. If not, it would propose the construction of safe and economical pipelines and storage tanks in sufficient numbers (see AC/12(PS)-R/1). It should report on these questions by 20 September 1953 at the latest. As it did not have time to produce a detailed report, the Infrastructure Committee agreed to accept a preliminary report (see AC/12-D/44). The Team presented its report to the PPC via its Chairman at the meeting held on 7 September 1953 (see AC/12(PS)-R/1). The Team held its last meeting on 7 September 1953 (see AC/12(PS)-R/1).

Central Europe Pipeline Policy Committee

  • AC/120
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1974

The AC/120 chronological series contains the records of the Central Europe Pipeline Policy Committee.The CEPPC began its work in December 1956. It was made up of representatives from the eight NATO nations which were using the Central Europe System, i.e. Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. Representatives from SHAPE also attended the meetings. At the start of its first meeting on 17 December 1956, the Committee elected an interim president, Mr. A.L.M. Cary (UK Representative).As provided for in C-M(56)129 (as approved by the Council on 19 December 1956 (C-R(56)77)), the Committee was tasked with acting in close cooperation with the Central Europe Pipeline Office on all matters related to the operation and maintenance of the Central Europe Pipeline System and, in particular, it was required to define and allocate financial and economic liability. Its prior approval was necessary for all decisions by the Central Europe Pipeline Office, the Central Europe Operating Agency, and the national agencies and divisions with respect to the allocation of common funding. In addition, the Committee was tasked with formulating and recommending solutions to all conflicts of a financial or economic nature dealing with the operation and maintenance of the Central Europe system. It appointed its own Chairman, and met only as required.The NATO Pipeline Committee operated under the same name until late 1997(1). It was subsequently replaced by the new "CEPMO Board of Directors" (2).

Working Group to consider further action by NATO in the field of scientific and technical cooperation.

  • AC/123
  • Corporate body
  • 1957

In the middle of the 1950s, it appeared important to NATO to concern itself not only with political or military issues, but also with civil issues. The aim was to look into the scientific and technical fields which might give NATO the opportunity to employ highly-qualified staff and establish predominance of the West over the Soviet Union in the fields of defence, economy and culture. The report of the Committee of Three (C-M(56)127-REV1), a proposal by the US (RDC(57)53) and the NATO Manpower Planning Committee were all drafted or established along those lines. The Council accepted their views. It approved the setting up of AC/123 (see C-R(57)9) and its terms of reference (AC/123-D/1). AC/123 was chaired by Mr Cullingford (the Chair of the Manpower Planning Committee). The meetings were attended by the Chairs of: -the Defence Production Committee, -the Scientific Working Group on Civil Production, -the Working Group on Trends in Soviet Foreign Policy,-the Annual Review Committee-(but also) by the scientific advisor to SHAPE and consultants from France and the US. The terms of reference of AC/123 stipulated that the working group would:-meet after the meeting of the experts of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) on 11 and 12 March 1957, -base itself on the OEEC report, the activities of the European Productivity Agency and the presentation by the US expert (AC/123-WP/1) in the preparation of its own studies, -decide whether it was preferable for NATO to simply apply the measures advocated by the OEEC, to add to them or to propose its own, -present a report on the topic to the Manpower Planning Committee. The latter would then submit the report to the Council. AC/123 met twice after the OEEC experts meeting. The report was published on 1 April 1957 (see C-M(57)50). On 24 April 1957, the Council approved the recommendations contained in the report (see C-R(57)25), in particular regarding the establishment of a small working group tasked with preparing a conference bringing together experts to discuss scientific and technical cooperation. AC/123 was thus replaced by AC/132.

Conference of National Information Officers

  • AC/124
  • Corporate body
  • 1957-1974

The AC/124 chronological series contains the records of the Conference of National Information Officers. The first Conference of National Information Officers was held in 1951, the second in 1953 and the third in 1955(1) .The AC/124 series contains the records of the Conferences of National Information Officers from 1957 onward. The aim of these conferences was to review the Member countries’ information distribution efforts. We have no terms of reference per se for these conferences, which followed up on three others. The records from the first conference include the recommendations of the North Atlantic Council Deputies, which had proposed a meeting of senior information officers in order to establish close co-operation between the Member countries’ information services in the framework of ideological warfare (see D-D(51)62, D-R(51)13 and D-R(51)14).

Economic Committee

  • AC/127
  • Corporate body
  • 1957

The AC/127 chronological series contains the records of the Economic Committee. This committee was set up in January 1957 by the Council, pursuant to the recommendation of the Committee of Three(1), with a view to promoting cooperation between NATO member nations. Its terms of reference, defined on 23 January 1957, were finally adopted on 14 February, 1957. They appear in Annex A to C-R(57)4, and stipulate that the Committee of Economic Advisers(2), set up under the authority of the Council, "will consist of representatives from all member nations. They could normally be the officials mainly concerned with the work of other international economic organizations". This Committee was tasked to "study and report to the Council on economic issues of special interest to the Alliance, particularly those which have political or defence implications or affect the economic health of the Atlantic Community as a whole. Such studies or preparatory work may be assigned to it by the Council or authorised by the Council at the request of the Secretary General or of the Committee itself." The Committee of Economic Advisers was assigned the tasks which were previously those of the Committee of Technical Advisers after the disbandment of that group(3) . The Committee of Economic Advisers met for the first time on 28 March 1957, chaired by the Assistant Secretary General for Economics and Finance. Its first task was to more closely define the scope of its work and develop a Programme of Work. In April 1958, the Council agreed that the Committee on Soviet Economic Policy would act as a Sub-Committee(4) under the general direction of the Committee of Economic Advisers (C-M(58)61 and C-R(58)28). In February 1970, the Committee re-examined its activities with a view to simplifying its procedures and concentrating its efforts on activities corresponding most closely to the needs of the Council and delegations and came to the conclusion that "there is no need to modify the terms of this mandate which appear sufficiently flexible"(C-M(70)2. Within the scope of the mandate, a distinction was identified between two main tasks: - to supply, as required, the Council with economic assessments and advice either on current policy issues or on more general problems; - to establish a pool of economic data with a view to providing a common interpretation of the situation for the use of national delegations. At its meeting on 25 February 1970 (C-R(70)8), the Council agreed that "the report C-M(70)2 should serve as a guide for the Committee's future activities" and that in English the Committee would be called "Economic Committee" (C-R(70)8). The Economic Committee is a standing committee which still sits today.

Economic Committee - East West Trade

  • AC/127(EWT)
  • Corporate body
  • 1961-1977

The AC/127(EWT) chronological series contains the Economic Committee’s records on trade agreements. The first record is a note from France on 28 July 1961. The last record in this series was submitted by the Turkish Delegation on 19 April 1977(1).

Economic Committee - Working Group on the Ex Post Facto Notification of Officially-backed Export Credits of over Five Years to Communist Countries

  • AC/127(NEC)
  • Corporate body
  • 1964-1986

The AC/127(NEC) chronological series contains the records of the Working Group on the Ex Post Facto Notification of Officially-backed Export Credits of over Five Years to Communist Countries.
This working group was set up in February 1964 to develop rules on how to handle the exchange of information on the backing of credits of over five years to communist countries. Made up of representatives from the member nations, it produced a report dated 21 October 1964 in which it recommended that all officially-backed credits for a duration greater than five years beginning 31 December 1962 should be the subject of an exchange of information. The Economic Committee approved the report, and decided that these information exchanges would take place. In January 1965, the Economic Committee announced that ex post facto notifications by the member nations of credits of over five years would be notified under a new Economic Committee series bearing the reference AC/127 (NEC).
The last document in this series was submitted by Germany on 15 April 1986.

Economic Committee - Ad Hoc Study Group on Soviet Oil Policy

  • AC/127(O)
  • Corporate body
  • 1960-1961

The AC/127(O) chronological series contains the records of the Ad Hoc Study Group on Soviet Oil Policy.
This study group was set up by the Council in November 1960. Comprising experts appointed by the government, it was tasked to study current and future oil export trends in the Soviet bloc, ascertain the consequences of these exports, define the principles on which the member states could base their policy in the face of increasing Soviet oil exports, taking into account their probable repercussions on the free world, and report back to the Economic Committee.
The Ad Hoc Study Group on Soviet Oil Policy met for the first time on 9 December 1960. It submitted its final report to the Economic Committee on 23 May, 1961.

Working Group on the Employment of Firms and Companies in NATO Countries on Contracts Involving the Disclosure of Classified Information

  • AC/13
  • Corporate body
  • 1952

The AC/13 chronological series contains the records of the Working Group on the Employment of Firms and Companies in NATO Countries on Contracts Involving the Disclosure of Classified Information. The Working Group was created by the North Atlantic Council on 11 January 1952 to discuss the employment of contracted firms in NATO countries and the disclosure of classified information related to this employment, and to then produce a draft directive for the Council of Deputies. The Working Group held its first meeting on 11 January 1952 and met one more time in the same year. During these meetings the Working Group produced draft directives which included recommendations made by the Standing Group (S.G.92/2(Final)) regarding sub-contractors. The meetings of the Working Group were chaired by N.E.P. Sutton, Executive Secretary, and the last meeting of the Working Group was held on 24 January 1952.

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