Authority record. Showing 209 results

Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions Working Group

  • AC/276
  • Corporate body
  • 1970-1989

The AC/276 chronological series contains the records of the Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions Working Group. Following the Harmel Report on the Future Tasks of the Alliance of December 1967, which had recommended in paragraph 13 that the "Allies (would) study disarmament and practical arms control, including the possibility of balanced force reductions", the Council in Permanent Session tasked the Political Committee at Senior Level to undertake studies on the matter and in June 1968, during the ministerial meeting held in Iceland, Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions (MBFR) was adopted as an official NATO policy. A series of studies were launched in various political and military fora in 1968 and 1969, submitting basic ideas and models for force reductions. In May 1970, at its ministerial session in Rome, the North Atlantic Council invited the Warsaw Pact to hold exploratory talks on MBFR. The Council agreed to establish an MBFR Working Group to develop mutual and balanced force reduction models, presenting an illustrative indication of the forces that would be withdrawn or disbanded on both sides, specifying the number of troops in identifiable types of units with the associated equipment (PO(69)634 Annex Decision of the Council).In order to carry out this task, the Council requested that the Chairman of the Military Committee set up under his authority a military/civilian working group open to all Member countries for the development of MBFR models. Close cooperation was to be maintained with the Senior Political Committee reinforced, as necessary, by disarmament and defence planning experts. On 12 January 1970 Lt. General T.R. Milton was appointed Chairman of the Working Group. He immediately established a Staff Group to undertake the basic analytical work for the model-building. This Staff Group was divided into:1) a Model Development Group, to produce the outline of the MBFR models and to establish the types of military units to be considered;2) a NATO and Warsaw Pact Analysis Group to support the work of the model development group with data;3) a Military Considerations Group to apply military judgement factors to the model development.France decided that it would not participate in the deliberations of the Working Group but would continue to take part in the discussions at the level of the Senior Political Committee. In January 1971 the North Atlantic Council agreed that the MBFR working group should pursue its activities under its political guidance and that of the Senior Political Committee.Four sub-groups were set up by the MBFR Working Group: A. Sub-Group on Data Evaluation (AC/276(SGDE)) which was renamed Sub-Group on Data Support (SGDS); B. Sub-Group on Tactical Air (AC/276(SGTA));C. Sub-Group on Verification (AC/276(SGVE));D. Sub-Group on Movement Constraints for NATO and Warsaw Pact Forces. In February 1989, during the final plenary meeting in Vienna, NATO and the Warsaw Pact formally agreed to terminate their work on the Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions and to open new negotiations on Conventional Forces In Europe (CFE). This marked the end of the work of the Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions Working Group.

NATO Archives Public Disclosure Register

  • NAPDR
  • Corporate body
  • 2015

The NATO Archives Public Disclosure Register consists of reference files designated as the Register. They contain the records of publicly disclosed contents when released under authority of the NATO Archives Committee (AC/324).

NATO Conference on Information Policy

  • AC/87
  • Corporate body
  • 1954-1955

The AC/87 chronological series contains the records of the NATO Conference on Information Policy. This conference, which was chaired by the Chairman of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations, was held on 25-28 January 1955 in Paris. Its goal was to take stock of the work being carried out by the member nations in the area of information dissemination. The participants noted the delegates' reports and verbal statements on national information programmes on behalf of NATO for 1954 and the projects for 1955, as well as several proposals for future action. On this occasion, the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations was invited to review the Danish proposal seeking to organize exchanges and study tours under NATO sponsorship for the heads of youth movements, as well as proposals from the Director of Information regarding civil defence and those awards which might be given by NATO. A resolution was adopted at the end of the Conference.

NATO International Information Conference

  • AC/1
  • Corporate body
  • 1951

The AC/1 chronological series contains the records of the NATO International Information Conference. This conference was held on 12-14 April 1951 in London, under the auspices of the NATO Information Service and the Heads of Information Services of the twelve signatories to the North Atlantic Treaty.Its purpose was to elicit discussion of the programme proposed by the NATO Information Service, to define the role of NATO's civil and military bodies in the area of information and to allow officials from the various national Information Services to outline the situation prevailing in their countries. During the Conference, problems of organization and liaison between the national information services and the NATO Information Service were addressed. Finally, the conference provided an opportunity to deal with issues related to the use of information technologies and resources for raising awareness of NATO, as well as to the strategy employed in the ideological struggle.The delegates examined several resolutions, which led to the submission of recommendations to the Council Deputies(1).

NATO Pipeline Committee

  • AC/112
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1965

The AC/112 chronological series contains the records of the NATO Pipeline Committee. On 12 May 1954, the Council approved the establishment of a working group (C-R(54)21) tasked to study the proposals of the Permanent Group (SGM 234-54) for the supervision, operation and maintenance of the NATO POL Pipeline System. Pursuant to these instructions, this Working Group produced an initial report outlining the organization of the supervision, operation and maintenance of the POL system as a whole(1) (C-M(55)74). At its meeting on 18 July 1956, the Council decided (C-R(56)40) to set up the NATO Pipeline Committee, which was tasked, as provided for in documents C-M(55)74 and C-M(56)129, to act on its behalf, in close cooperation with NATO military authorities and other competent bodies (CEPO, CEOA, etc.), on all matters pertaining to the supervision, operation and maintenance of the infrastructure of pipelines of likely interest to NATO as a whole. The NATO Pipeline Committee, made up of representatives from each member nation, was to meet only as required. Its Chairman was appointed by the Secretary General.The Committee met for the first time on 16 August 1956 under the chairmanship of Mr. A. Moreau, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Production and Logistics. Its first task was to identify the main problems the Committee would need to resolve. It therefore focused initially on funding for the operation and maintenance of the System and on the status of personnel. At its third meeting on 5 November 1956, the Committee decided to set up a Working Group on damage, which would be responsible for looking into the problem of damage caused by the operation of the NATO Pipeline System and to submit proposals concerning financial arrangements and methods of settlement. By late 1965, the NATO Pipeline Committee had held 33 meetings. It still operates today under the name "NATO Petroleum Committee" (2).

NP - Public Diplomacy Division (PDD)

  • PDD NP
  • Corporate body
  • 2003

The NATO Information Service was established by Council resolution in 1950, and was most recently restructured into the Public Diplomacy Division in 2003. The NATO Information Service and later the Public Diplomacy Division created hundreds of informational publications, some on one-off topics, such as an anniversary of NATO, and longer serials, such as the “Aspect of NATO” series.

North Atlantic Council

  • NAC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949

The North Atlantic Council is the principal political decision-making body within NATO. It brings together high-level representatives of each member country to discuss policy or operational questions requiring collective decisions. In sum, it provides a forum for wide-ranging consultation between members on all issues affecting their peace and security.All members have an equal right to express their views and share in the consensus on which decisions are based. Decisions are agreed upon on the basis of unanimity and common accord. There is no voting or decision by majority. This means that policies decided upon by the North Atlantic Council (NAC) are supported by and are the expression of the collective will of all the sovereign states that are members of the Alliance and are accepted by all of them.Strictly speaking, the NAC is not the only body within NATO that carries such a high degree of authority. The Nuclear Planning Group (NPG) has comparable authority for matters within its specific area of competence. However, in practice, the NAC convenes far more frequently than the NPG and covers a broader scope of themes – as broad as the member countries decide it should be. Consequently, it is commonly referred to as NATO’s principal decision-making body.

Effective political authority and powers of decision. The NAC has effective political authority and powers of decision. It is the only body that was established by the North Atlantic Treaty, under Article 9:“The Parties hereby establish a council, on which each of them shall be represented, to consider matters concerning the implementation of this Treaty. The council shall be so organized as to be able to meet promptly at any time. The council shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary; in particular it shall establish immediately a defense committee which shall recommend measures for the implementation of Articles 3 and 5.”

In addition to being the only body invested with the authority to set up “such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary”, it is also the ultimate authority at the head of a large, intricate network of committees and working groups. It is often referred to as “the Council”. The NAC is the principal political decision-making body and oversees the political and military process relating to security issues affecting the whole Alliance. Items discussed and decisions taken at meetings of the Council cover all aspects of the Organization's activities and are frequently based on reports and recommendations prepared by subordinate committees at the Council's request. Equally, subjects may be raised by the Secretary General or any one of the national representatives, in particular under Article 4 of the Washington Treaty: “The Parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of any of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened.” Representation at different levels; Representatives of all member countries of NATO have a seat at the NAC. It can meet at the level of “permanent representatives” (or “ambassadors”), at the level of foreign and defence ministers, and at the level of heads of state and government. Its decisions have the same status and validity at whatever level it meets.

The NAC is chaired by the Secretary General. In the absence of the Secretary General, the Deputy Secretary General chairs the meetings. The longest serving ambassador on the Council assumes the title of dean of the Council. Primarily a ceremonial function, the dean may be called upon to play a more specific presiding role, for example in convening meetings and chairing discussions at the time of the selection of a new Secretary General. At ministerial meetings of foreign ministers, one country's foreign minister assumes the role of honorary president. The position rotates annually among members in the order of the English alphabet. The ambassadors sit round the table in order of nationality, following the English alphabetical order. The same procedure is followed throughout the NATO committee structure.

Working procedures; The NAC meets at least every week and often more frequently, at the level of permanent representatives; it meets twice a year at the level of ministers of foreign affairs, three times a year at the level of ministers of defence, and occasionally at the summit level with the participation of prime ministers and heads of state and government. Permanent representatives act on instruction from their capitals, informing and explaining the views and the policy decisions of their governments to their colleagues around the table. Conversely they report back to their national authorities on the views expressed and positions taken by other governments, informing them of new developments and keeping them abreast of movement toward consensus on important issues or areas where national positions diverge. Each country represented at the Council table or on any of its subordinate committees retains complete sovereignty and responsibility for its own decisions.

Preparing the Council's work. The work of the Council is prepared by subordinate committees with responsibility for specific areas of policy. Much of this work involves the Deputies Committee, consisting of Deputy Permanent Representatives.The Council has an important public profile and issues declarations and communiqués explaining the Alliance's policies and decisions. These documents are normally published after ministerial or summit meetings. The Deputies Committee has particular responsibility for preparing such documents and meets in advance of ministerial meetings to draft the texts for Council approval. A similar role is played by the Nuclear Planning Staff Group on behalf of the Nuclear Planning Group. Other aspects of political work may be handled by the Political and Partnerships Committee. Depending on the topic under discussion, the respective senior committee with responsibility for the subject assumes the leading role in preparing Council meetings and following up Council decisions. When the Council meets at the level of defence ministers, or is dealing with defence matters and questions relating to defence strategy, senior committees such as the Defence Policy and Planning Committee may be involved as principal advisory bodies. If financial matters are on the Council's agenda, the Resource Policy and Planning Board will be responsible to the Council for preparing relevant aspects of its work.

Supporting the Council; Direct support to the Council is provided by the Secretary of the Council, who ensures that Council mandates are executed and its decisions recorded and circulated. A small Council Secretariat ensures the bureaucratic and logistical aspects of the NAC's work, while the relevant divisions of the International Staff support the work of committees reporting to the NAC. Generally speaking, the entire International Staff at NATO HQ supports the work of the Council, either directly or indirectly, and helps to ensure that Council decisions are implemented.

North Atlantic Council Deputies

  • D
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-1952

Established by the North Atlantic Council on 17th May 1950, this permanent body was tasked with executing the Council's directives in the intervals between the sessions of the Council. The terms of reference state that "to enable the Council to carry out its responsibilities and to exercise them continuously, each government will appoint a Deputy to its Council representative". The Council Deputies were responsible, on behalf and in the name of the Council, for formulating policies requiring decisions by the member governments. It was also decided that the Council Deputies would have their headquarters in London. The Deputies met for the first time on 25 July 1950 and elected the US Deputy Mr. Charles Spofford as their Chairman. His duties included chairing the meetings of the Deputies and directing the organisation and its work. Mr. T.A.G. Charlton (UK) was appointed Secretary of the Council and of the Council Deputies. An International Secretariat was also created to perform the necessary administrative tasks for the Deputies. The Council Deputies established working groups and ad hoc committees to prepare studies and reports for them to examine.In May 1951 a reorganisation took place and the role of the Deputies was further enhanced: as well has having the general terms of reference of the Council, the Council Deputies were responsible for co-ordinating the activities of and giving guidance to all the other permanent bodies of NATO, exchanging views on political matters of common interest within the scope of the Treaty, dealing directly with the Military Committee and the Standing Group on political matters having a military implication, promoting and co-ordinating public information activities and considering what further action should be taken under Article 2 [D-D(51)86(Final)].During the second half of 1951 it became evident that to advance the effectiveness of NATO, a further reorganisation was necessary. At the Ministerial Session of Lisbon in February 1952 it was decided that the newly created Council in permanent session would assume the tasks performed by the Council Deputies. The abolition of the Council Deputies became effective as of 5 April 1952 [D-D(52)99].

North Atlantic Council, 1st to 9th sessions

  • C1-C9
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1952

The C chronological series contains the records of the North Atlantic Council (the Council). The Council was created in accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington. It held its first meeting on 17 September 1949. The Council is the main body of NATO. Under the terms of the North Atlantic Treaty, and in particular Article 9 thereof, the Council is responsible for considering matters concerning the implementation of the Treaty. To assist it in that task, it sets up subsidiary bodies. (see C1-COUNCIL-D1/1). Its functioning is flexible and can be adjusted periodically.During the first period of its existence (September 1949 to February 1952), the Council held nine sessions during which it made the essential arrangements for ensuring NATO's continued existence and proper functioning, with respect to arms, defence planning and funding. On 21 October 1951, the Council took a decision on a first enlargement of the Alliance to include Greece and Turkey (see C7-D/27). It also sought the establishment of the International Staff. This period can be divided into three successive phases. The first phase covers the first four sessions. The first session was held in Washington on 17 September 1949, when the Treaty was signed. The Council, the Defence Committee and the Military Committee were created in accordance with Article 9 of the Treaty, and the latter two were tasked with recommending steps for implementing Articles 3 and 5 of the Treaty to the Council. Document C1-COMMUNIQUE, published after the first session, gave practical details about how the meetings would run, including the frequency, the location, the chairmanship, the language, etc. (see C1-COMMUNIQUE).The second session, held in Washington on 18 November 1949, mainly addressed military equipment and financial matters. In that connection, a Defence Financial and Economic Committee (DFEC) and a Military Production and Supply Board (MPSB) were established (see C2-COUNCIL-D1/4). The fourth session, held in London on 15–18 May 1950, proposed expanding the field of activities of the Treaty to cover the economic and social development of the Member countries and other countries of the free world (see C4-COUNCIL-D4/18). As the workload had become unmanageable, the Council established the Council Deputies to allow for more frequent coordination meetings. The Deputies met permanently in London and represented the Foreign Ministers, who continued to sit on the Council (see D series). The second phase begins with the fifth Council session, held in New York on 15–18 December 1950. At the proposal of the United States, this session focused on the creation of an integrated military force capable of defending the NATO area in Europe. (see C5-D11 FINAL)At the sixth session, held in Brussels on 18–19 December 1950, General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) at the recommendation of the Defence Committee (see C6-D9). Its headquarters (SHAPE) was established in Paris in January 1951, and then permanently in Rocquencourt in July 1951.To make sure that every country was represented in the Council by a person who was familiar with all the business being discussed, it was decided that "each government would be represented by one or more ministers depending on the agenda". Heads of government could henceforth take part in the Council in person (see C6-D4).Also at that session, the MPSB was replaced with a Defence Production Board (DPB) with greater powers (see C6-D4). The third phase started with the seventh session, held in Ottawa on 20–25 September 1951. For the first time Foreign, Defence and Economic/Finance Ministers met together. The Protocol to the Treaty on the Accession of Greece and Turkey was proposed for signature by the national representatives (see C7-D27 FINAL). At that time NATO was feeling the need to rearm itself to face the Soviet threat. A Temporary Council Committee (TCC ) was established to take stock of requirements and draw up defence plans. Each country reported on the status of its defence effort (see C7-D29, and British report C7-D5 as an example). A Committee on the North Atlantic Community was introduced to coordinate foreign policy and further develop consultation on Member countries' economic, social and cultural matters. The eighth session was held in Rome on 24–28 November 1951. For the first time, the Council meeting was held after the Military Committee meeting. The main business of the meeting was the possibility of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) joining NATO, which was supported by SACEUR (see C8-D15). At the ninth session, held in Lisbon on 20–25 February 1952, the TCC report on the mobilization of peacetime resources for defence was discussed (see C9-D13). In addition, the Council noted a report on the conference to organize a European Defence Community (EDC) and approved that initiative (see C9-D12).Finally, the Council decided "to appoint a Secretary-General, who will head a unified international secretariat designed to assist the Council in the fulfilment of its responsibilities. (...) The Council will assume the functions hitherto performed by the Council Deputies, the Defence Production Board and the Financial and Economic Board" (see C9-D22 FINAL). That decision marks the end of the document series covered by this archival description.

North Atlantic Studies Committee

  • AC/151
  • Corporate body
  • 1959-1960

The AC/151 chronological series contains the records of the North Atlantic Studies Committee. On 23 March 1958 the Expert Working Group on the Fellowship and Scholarship Program met and recommended the creation of a Committee for North Atlantic Studies to include scholars from all member countries who would propose subjects for studies and supervise the Fellowship Program (see C-M(58)133). Based on this proposal, NATO Secretary General Mr. Spaak asked the Council to approve the creation and terms of reference of the Committee (see PO(58)1452, C-R(58)56 , PO(59)219 and C-R(59)11). Following several drafts, the terms of reference were finally approved for the newly defined provisional Committee on 20 March 1959 (see PO(59)479). The Committee consisted of a Chairman -Belgian Permanent Representative Mr. de Staercke- and a representative member from all the other nationalities. On 11 June 1959 the North Atlantic Studies Committee held its first meeting to designate NATO fellows for the period 1959-1960 (see C-M(59)64).During the Council meeting of 17 June 1959 it was proposed by the Belgian representative to add a supplement to the publication “NATO – the First Five Years” (C-R(59)24) On 1 September 1959 the Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs also issued a memorandum on a proposed sequel to the publication “NATO – the First Five Years” by Lord Ismay. In this memorandum it was recommended to create a permanent historical section to put some order to NATO’s records and to prepare historical studies (see AC/151-D(59)1)The North Atlantic Studies Committee held its second meeting on 10-11 September 1959 where it was decided to recommend to the Council to approve the elaboration of studies about the Alliance, a booklet on NATO communiqués, the setting up within the International Staff of a permanent historical section and the provision of support to the Atlantic Treaty Association Conference for University Teachers of International Public Law and International Relations (see AC/151-R(59)1). These recommendations were approved by the Council on 21 October 1959 (see C-R(59)35). During this Council meeting, there were some discussions about the creation of an Atlantic Institute for studies as proposed in AC/52-D(58)31, whose purposes were defined by the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations in document AC/52-WP(60)45. The last meeting of the North Atlantic Studies Committee took place on 31 March 1960 when the NATO fellows for 1960-1961 were selected (see PO(61)296). On 1 January 1961 the Atlantic Institute was created to take over some of the functions of the North Atlantic Studies Committee (see PO(61)80). During the Council meeting of 15 March 1961 it was agreed that a Selection Committee should be created as proposed in PO/61/296 for the fellowship programme, and it was decided to disband the North Atlantic Studies Committee (see C-R(61)9).

Nuclear Defence Affairs Committee

  • NDAC
  • Corporate body
  • 1966

The Nuclear Defence Affairs Committee (NDAC) chronological series contains the records of the NDAC. The NDAC was created in December 1966, as a forum in which the nations could discuss nuclear issues facing NATO. The NDAC was founded when the Defence Planning Committee in Ministerial Session accepted the recommendation of the Special Committee of Defence Ministers, chaired by Robert McNamara of the United States, to establish a consultative process on nuclear doctrine within NATO. Unlike the subordinate Nuclear Planning Group(1), membership in the NDAC was open to all NATO members . The NDAC was chaired by the Secretary General and had the responsibility of proposing policies on nuclear issues. It met at ministerial level, usually alongside ministerial-level meetings of the North Atlantic Council, and more frequently at the level of permanent representatives. The NDAC received all the documentation produced by the NPG, and discussed, reviewed and approved the NPG’s reports, before transmitting them to the North Atlantic Council for approval. The NDAC also established overall NATO guidelines for the deployment and use of NATO’s nuclear weapons. This included providing assessments of the Warsaw Pact’s military capabilities and its political and diplomatic intentions.

Nuclear Planning Group

  • NPG
  • Corporate body
  • 1966

The NPG chronological series contains the records of the Nuclear Planning Group. The Nuclear Planning Group (NPG) is NATO’s principal body for planning, discussing and deciding on matters relating to nuclear policy. The NPG was founded on 14 December 1966, when the Defence Planning Committee in Ministerial Session accepted the recommendation of the Special Committee of Defence Ministers, chaired by Robert McNamara of the United States, to establish a consultative process on nuclear doctrine within NATO. Ministers implemented these recommendations by creating the Nuclear Defence Affairs Committee(1), which included all NATO members, and the NPG, which was restricted to nations participating in NATO’s integrated military structure, and was mandated to carry out detailed work on nuclear issues. In order to facilitate the NPG’s work, only seven nations sat on the Group at any one time. The United States, United Kingdom, Italy and West Germany were permanent members, while appointments to the other three NPG seats lasted for one year, and rotated amongst the eligible nations. The NPG met for the first time at the level of defence ministers, in Washington, on 6-7 April 1967. From that point on, the NPG met twice per year in ministerial session, and more frequently at the level of permanent representatives. The method of working at the ministerial level was to give a minister responsibility for leading the discussions on each agenda item. To help carry out the work on nuclear issues, in 1968 the NPG (Staff Group) was established. Membership in the NPG (Staff Group) was restricted to nations participating in NATO’s integrated military structure. The NPG (Staff Group) prepared and supported meetings of the NPG at both ministerial and permanent representative levels, and oversaw nuclear issues on a daily basis. In 1977, the NPG (High Level Group) was established as the NPG’s senior body to provide advice to ministers on nuclear issues. Membership in the NPG (High Level Group) was also restricted to nations participating in NATO’s integrated military structure.

PR - Public Diplomacy Division (PDD)

  • PR
  • Corporate body
  • 1961-2007

A Director of Information Services was first appointed in September of 1950, with the objective of coordinating with the press and developing public opinion in member countries (D-R/20 and D-R/26). Originally, the Information Service did not draft Press Releases, or any other printed materials, but instead coordinated with member nations and press agencies (D-D/186). The communiqués and releases published by NATO starting in 1949 are often created by the committees or divisions themselves. By 1954, the Information Directorate were jointly issuing Press Communiqués with the press services of member nations (AC/52-D/38). In 1957, a Press Section was split from the Information Section in order to manage daily contact with journalists (PO/57/859). Releases were managed by the governments and press services of the member nations with input and information from the Press Section. By the 1960s, releases for ministerial meetings became more common and communiqués were issued for a variety of purposes. By 1994, NATO, SHAPE and AFSOUTH documentation, including communiqués, press releases, speeches and newsletters became available via the “NATO Online” list server (PR/CP(94)24). The following year, a website was developed to host NATO information of public value. Documents would be available both in print and online. In March 2008, a new website was launched and the paper copies of Press Releases were discontinued.

Petroleum Planning Committee

  • AC/12
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-2003

The AC/12 chronological series contains the records of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC). The PPC is one of the eight Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) planning boards and committees responsible for peacetime coordination and follow-up of the NATO countries' arrangements for maintaining civil preparedness in emergencies and times of crisis. Its creation is approved by the Council Deputies on 28 January 1952 (see D-R(52)8). Its initial terms of reference established on 28 January 1952 (see (D-D(52)6-FINAL) were amended on 28/11/1952 (C-M(52)112), then revised on 15/12/1966 (AC/12-D/357). In line with its terms of reference, the PPC established the bodies it deemed appropriate to assist it. For information, three sub-groups were active in 1988: the PPC Working Group (PPCWG), the Oil Data and Communication Group (ODCG), and the Training and Exercise Group (TEG) (see AC/12-D/795). The PPC's mission was to appraise the countries' petroleum requirements in the event of war and do the necessary planning for meeting any problems that might arise (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Starting in 1973, the planning also covered gas requirements (see AC/12-DS/69). For that purpose, it was responsible for the proper functioning of the NATO Wartime Oil Organization (NWOO). In these fields, the PPC's functions conformed to the basic aims of CEP, i.e. to ensure the survival of populations in the event of an attack, the support of military operations, the protection and utilization of vital resources, and the early recovery and rehabilitation of the countries (see AC/12-D/357). The PPC normally met twice a year (see AC/12-D/795). The chairmanship, preferably rotational, was held by a national representative for a period of three years; starting in 1962 the chairman could be re-elected for a further one year (see AC/12-R/42 and AC/98-D/161). Representatives of the NATO military committees had to attend the meetings of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC).Originally the PPC reported to the Council Deputies through the Financial and Economic Board (FEB) (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). Each government was represented in the PPC by a representative and an alternate. It could also designate advisers to its representative (see D-D(52)6-FINAL).After the FEB was abolished in 1952 (see D-R(52)27-FINAL), the PPC was linked to the Committee on Wartime Commodity Problems (AC/25) until the latter was dissolved for the creation of the SCEPC (see AC/98-D/1 and C-M(55)100).Thus the PPC became one of the CEP planning boards and committees. Given the review of the the CEP planning and review cycle every four years, the PPC approved its program and its work objectives for the forthcoming cycle at the start of each cycle. These proposals were submitted to the SCEPC, then to the Council, and finally to the ministers for approval (see C-M(77)16). During the cycle, the PPC made an annual report to the SCEPC plenary and, through it, to the Council (see AC/12-D/79). In its annual report, the PPC presented to what extent progress had been made, indicating wherever possible how the Allied countries had benefited from its work (see AC/12-D/357).It had a close working relationship, either directly or through its subordinate services, with the other NATO bodies involved in the development of plans for the wartime oil situation: in particular with the Standing Group, the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping and the Defence Production Board (see D-D(52)6-FINAL). The PPC was declared dormant by the SCEPC on 21/01/1999, then disbanded on 7 January 2003 (see AC/98-N(2003)1)

Petroleum Planning Committee team of pipeline and storage experts

  • AC/12(PS)
  • Corporate body
  • 1953

The AC/12(PS) chronological series contains the records of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC) team of pipeline and storage experts (hereinafter referred to as "the Team").The Team was established by the PPC following a request from the Infrastructure Committee (see AC/12-D/45). Its mandate was to assess whether the Fifth Slice POL Infrastructure Programme, recommended by SHAPE in AG_6100/5/E-709/53_LOG, would overcome the shortfall in capabilities for the distribution of POL in the event of war. If not, it would propose the construction of safe and economical pipelines and storage tanks in sufficient numbers (see AC/12(PS)-R/1). It should report on these questions by 20 September 1953 at the latest. As it did not have time to produce a detailed report, the Infrastructure Committee agreed to accept a preliminary report (see AC/12-D/44). The Team presented its report to the PPC via its Chairman at the meeting held on 7 September 1953 (see AC/12(PS)-R/1). The Team held its last meeting on 7 September 1953 (see AC/12(PS)-R/1).

Planning Board for European Inland Surface Transport

  • AC/15
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-2010

The AC/15 chronological series contains the records of the Planning Board for European Inland Surface Transport (PBEIST). The PBEIST was established by the North Atlantic Council (Council) on 2 September 1952 (see C-R(52)14). The initial terms of reference from 9/8/1952 were revised on 4/8/1966 (C-M(66)66). The PBEIST was one of the Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) planning boards and committees, whose aim was to ensure the survival of populations in the event of an attack, the support of military operations, the protection and utilization of vital resources, and the early recovery and rehabilitation of the countries (see AC/12-D/357).In this framework, the PBEIST was responsible for drawing up plans and making policy recommendations for guaranteeing optimal wartime utilization of all inland civil and military transport in Europe (excluding air transport). The port studies were done in conjunction with the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (PBOS) (see, for example, the terms of reference of the PBOS/PBEIST Joint Working Group created in 1989, AC/15-D/462). The PBEIST met twice a year. It carried out a biennial programme of work approved by the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC) and produced activity reports plus other intermediate reports as required (see C-M(95)61).It was chaired by a chairman who was appointed for a 3-year term. The chairmanship was preferably rotational and renewable for one-year terms (see AC/98-D/161). The staff officer for inland surface transport in the CEP Directorate attended the meetings. The NATO Military Authorities and interested Member nations appointed a representative to it (see C-M(52)45).Under its terms of reference, the PBEIST could recommend the creation or dissolution of bodies to support it for specific tasks to the SCEPC. Hence, the PBEIST created a Steering Committee (AC/15(SG)) in charge of preparing the work of the PBEIST and coordinate the tasks assigned to all bodies placed under the supervision of the PBEIST, namely : The three Regional Permanent Sub-Committees Northern Europe (AC/15(NE)), Southern Europe (AC/15(SE)) and Central Europe (AC/15(CE)) ; the Permanent Railroad Transport Sub-Committee (AC/15(RRT)), the three Permanent Sub-Committees on Railway Transport (AC/15(RRT)), Road Transport (AC/15(RT)), Ports and Beaches and Inland Waterways Transport (AC/15(PB-IWT)), and Inter Modal Ad Hoc Group on the Handling of Containers (AC/15(SC)) (see C-M(89)82). On 8/6/2010, the PBOS and the PBEIST merged into the Transport Group (AC/329). This marked the end of the PBEIST (see PO(2010)0074-REV2).

Planning Board for Ocean Shipping

  • AC/271
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-2010

The AC/271 (PBOS) chronological series(1) contains the records of the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping.The North Atlantic Council approved the establishment of the Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (PBOS) in May 1950 with its acceptance of the "International Working Group Report on Establishment of a Planning Board for Ocean Shipping in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization" (C-R-4/5). The initial mission of PBOS was the planning for an emergency organization which would be able to coordinate the most efficient use of shipping resources in wartime. A small number of technical working groups were set up in 1950 to facilitate this planning work. This effort resulted in the Defence Shipping Authority (DSA), which was to have the authority to pool all allied ocean going merchant vessels for the purpose of maintaining a steady flow of food, supplies, military equipment and armed forces personnel. The DSA was to carry out this role according to the civil and military shipping priorities set by the Alliance. (PBOS2/2).After the first two years of existence, during which it met three times, PBOS met once a year for a plenary to discuss a wide range of issues related to shipping and emergency planning. PBOS membership consisted of national representatives from all Allied nations with merchant marine fleets, and the Board was supported by a permanent secretariat headquartered in London. The chair of PBOS alternated each year between an American official and a British official, corresponding to the nation hosting the plenary meeting. In 1997 the United States agreed to take over responsibility for the secretariat, and the London office was closed on 31 March 1997.To fully explore the relevant issues and to draw on national experts, PBOS over the years set up a number of different working and study groups, including the PBOS Bunker and Tanker Committee; PBOS Coasting Committee; PBOS Working Committee on Heavy Lifts; PBOS Communications Working Party; PBOS Working Committee on Troopship Standards; PBOS Special Working Committee - SIDESTEP Sub-Group; PBOS Joint Technical Committee; PBOS FALLEX 62 Sub-group; PBOS CIVLOG 65 Planning Team; PBOS Container Study Group; PBOS D and L Card Study Group; PBOS Defence Shipping Authority Plans Review Study Group; and the PBOS Sealift Procurement Study Group. In addition, PBOS created joint groups with the Planning Board for European Inland Surface Transport (PBEIST), the Joint PBOS/PBEIST Coastal Shipping Group, and with the Petroleum Planning Committee, the Joint PBOS/PPC Bunkering Study Group and the Joint PBOS/PPC Oil and Tanker Sub-Group. These different subordinate groups generally produced reports which were forwarded to PBOS for review and acceptance.

Policy and Planning

  • IMSM(P&P)
  • Corporate body
  • 1967

International Military Staff Memorandum - Policy and Planning

Political Committee

  • AC/119
  • Corporate body
  • 1957

The AC/119 chronological series contains the records of the Political Committee. Established by the North Atlantic Council in January 1957 (C-M(57)3), pursuant to the recommendation of the Committee of Three(1), this committee is made up of a representative of each delegation, accompanied by experts from his or her country as required. It is chaired by the Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs. The Political Committee is responsible for carrying out all of the studies and preparatory work to assist the Council and the Secretary General in fulfilling their political consultation responsibilities. It inherited tasks that had been previously assigned to the Working Group on Trends of Soviet Policy(2). The Political Committee(3) met for the first time on 29 January 1957. In order to fulfil its wide-ranging mission, it was decided to set up subgroups of regional experts in order to address specific issues and provide a broad outline of the situation in each part of the world. Beginning in 1957, groups of regional experts reporting to the Political Committee began to operate. These were: - the Working Group on Trends of Soviet Policy, which took over from the former AC/34 working group; - the Group of Experts on the Satellite Countries, whose first report was issued in March 1957; - the Group of Middle East Experts, which met for the first time in March 1957; - the Group of Far East Experts, whose first meeting was held in November 1958; - the Working Group on Latin America, set up in 1961; - the Working Group on Africa, the only group whose documents had their own reference number (AC/146), which was abandoned in 1961. In 1967 the Council broadened the terms of reference of the Political Committee, after which point disarmament experts would meet under its auspices at regular intervals.The Political Committee is a standing committee which still sits today.

Political Working Group

  • AC/2
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1952

The AC/2 chronological series contains the records of the Political Working Group. The Political Working Group was active between March 1951 and March 1952(1) and met in Belgrave Square, London. After that date there are no records testifying to its existence. Having achieved its mission, it was disbanded after the ninth session of the North Atlantic Council. The Political Working Group’s role was to reorganize NATO and to provide the Council Deputies with information about East Germany, Western European countries, the USSR and Switzerland, and about the relative political, economic and military capabilities of NATO and the USSR. After the Political Working Group disbanded, the Council assumed responsibility for political issues until 1957. The Working Group on Trends of Soviet Policy (AC/34) took over the issue of the orientation of Soviet foreign policy.

Private Office of the Secretary General

  • PO
  • Corporate body
  • 1955

The PO series contains the memoranda issued by the Private Office of the Secretary General. The Private Office supports the Secretary General and the Deputy Secretary General in all aspects of their work. It is headed by a Director assisted by several Deputy Directors. The first two appointed directors held the title of Private Secretary. Although the Private Office of the Secretary General was established when the post of Secretary General was created at the 1952 Lisbon Ministerial Meeting, the PO reference only appears on the memoranda issued by the Private Office as from 1955. A few numbered memoranda addressed to Permanent Representatives dated 1953 and 1954 have been microfilmed.

Public Diplomacy Division (PDD)

  • PDD
  • Corporate body
  • 2003

The NATO Information Service (alternately referred to as the Information Division and the Information Directorate, depending on its hierarchical position within the Organization at a given moment) was principally tasked with informing public opinion about the aims and achievements of the Atlantic Alliance. It assisted Member governments with collecting and developing information programmes about NATO activities and policies for distribution to publicity outlets through various communication media. The Information Service was also responsible for outreach tasks such as coordinating and supervising all press arrangements for Council meetings, arranging group visits to NATO HQ andorganizing conferences, special courses and seminars on NATO matters. It provided administrative support for all NATO activities, meetings and committees related to information.The origins of the NATO Information Service are found in Council Resolution No. 4/7 of 18 May 1950 (D-4/15 Final), whereby the North Atlantic Treaty Council resolved to ‘promote and coordinate public information in furtherance of the objectives of the Treaty while leaving responsibility for national programmes to each country’. By August 1950, the creation of an Information Service was approved (D-D/17 Revised), followed shortly thereafter by the appointment of a Director of Information (D-R/20), who was immediately tasked with recruiting an Information Service staff (D-D/186) and establishing its terms of reference (D-D/187).The Information Service was initially structured into sections that operationalized its main functions: Press Relations; Editorial; Special Media (film, television, radio, photography, exhibits) and Research ISM(53)30). In 1957, the Information Service was reorganized to become the Information Division in order to focus specifically on long-term information projects: Public Relations and Special Media;programmes and Publications; and Regional Relations (the coordination of youth activities was added in 1959). This reorganization also resulted in the creation of a separate Press Service to deal specificallywith daily press relations and the documentation function (PO(57)859). Though the Information Division and the Press Service worked in parallel, they were considered separate units that were both under the responsibility of the Assistant Secretary General of Political Affairs.A major internal reorganization of the Information Division in 1963 led to a substantial shift in the structure of its operations (BC-D(63)20). The documentation function of the Press Service and the cultural affairs function of the Political Division (which comprised the NATO Fellowship and Scholarship programme and the Visiting Professorship programme) were transferred to the newly renamed Information Directorate, which was split into two major sections that distinguished its functions with respect to production and promotion: Media Operations and Public Affairs.The significant restructuring of the International Staff that accompanied the move to Brussels in 1967 gave rise to the creation of a newly amalgamated Division of Political Affairs, Information and Press (PO(67)122). A reorganization of the Information Directorate followed in 1969 (BC-D(69)45), leading to a configuration of three main sections in an effort to achieve a more logical distribution of work: Information Policy, Research and Writing; Media Production; and External Affairs and Regional Relations. In 1981, the Information Directorate became responsible for its own planning and budget administration (ON(81)58).The Information Directorate merged with the Press Service in 1990 to become the new Office of Information and Press (OIP) (PO(90)93). The OIP was originally structured into two main services: a Press and Media Service and an Information Service, which was subdivided into three sections: Planning, Editorial and Budget; Audiovisual Productions; and External Relations. By 2001, an increased emphasis on new outreach approaches led to an expansion of the External Relations Section to take the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programmes into account. Particular attention was placed on NATO’s special bilateral relationship with Russia and its partnership withUkraine, as evidenced by the establishment of information field offices in Kyiv (opened in May 1997) and in Moscow (opened in February 2001). The NATO HQ reforms of 2003 (SG(2003)0429) gave rise to an extensive restructuring of the International Staff, as part of which the OIP was merged with the Scientific and Environmental Affairs Division to produce the new Public Diplomacy Division (PDD).

Publications - Public Diplomacy Division (PDD)

  • PUB
  • Corporate body
  • 2003

The NATO Information Service was established by Council resolution on May 18, 1950, in order “to promote and coordinate public information in furtherance of the objectives of the Treaty, while leaving responsibility for national programmes to each country.” The Information Service first operated from London to provide public relations services for NATO and the newly formed international staff. In 1957, the Information Service was put under the Political Affairs Division, where it remained until 1990, when it split off to become the Office of Information and Press. The Information Service was renamed and restructured as the Public Diplomacy Division (PDD) in March 31st, 2003.

RECORD - Defence Committee

  • RECORD-DC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1951

This chronological Series contains the official records of the four meetings of the Defence Committee.

RECORD - Director of the Standing Group

  • RECORD-DSG
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-1951

RECORD-DSG documents are records of meetings of the SG Director held on the sidelines of formal Standing Group meetings. These meetings were attended by representatives from the three SG working teams and other NATO nations, as well as by the person in charge of the secretariat and the members of the working team which drafted the document submitted for consideration. The first meeting was held on 11 January 1950. The SG Director was responsible for supervising and coordinating the work of the International Planning Staff under his management (see SSGM-124-64). In order to do this, he: -received an oral activity report by each SG committee, -presented the work to be performed and the methods to be used,-decided on the SG meeting agendas and the documents to be submitted.

RECORD - International Planning Team of the Standing Group

  • RECORD(IPT)
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1966

The Standing Group (hereinafter referred to as the SG) had an internal structure of technical and consultative committees (see SGM-1702-53). One of those was the International Planning Team (IPT), active from 1952 to 1964. The Standing Group and all its subordinate groups (including the IPT) were abolished in July 1966 after France decided to withdraw from the integrated military structure (see MCM-90-66(REV) and GF(66)D-27).

RECORD - Military Committee

  • RECORD-MC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1959

The meetings of the MC/CS were held in various places in Europe and also in Washington, D.C. The meeting records have been incorporated into the ongoing series of RECORD MC documents. Starting in 1958 the Military Representatives Committee (MRC) documents were incorporated into the RECORD MC series.

RECORD - Military Representatives Committee

  • RECORD-MRC
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-1957

This chronological Series contains the official records of the 147 meetings of the Military Representatives Committee.

RECORD - Standing Group

  • RECORD-SG
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1966

The Standing Group (SG) was made up of the French, British and US representatives, who acted as Chairman on a rotating basis. It met weekly from October 1949 to June 1966 and each meeting resulted in the publication of a RECORD-SG document. Meetings dealt with issues raised by: -the SG working groups, secretariat, committees and agencies, -the Secretary General, the Council and the civil committees, -the Military Committee (MC/CS and MC/PS) and senior commanders.

RP - Public Diplomacy Division (PDD)

  • PDD RP
  • Corporate body
  • 2003

The NATO Information Service published its first handbook on January 1st, 1952, published both in English and in French. The handbooks were updated and new versions were published every one to three years.

Relocation Group

  • AC/267
  • Corporate body
  • 1969-1973

The AC/267 chronological series contain the documents of the Relocation Group. Informally established in February 1967, as a result of the transition of NATO Headquarters from Paris to Brussels, the group aimed to look at relocation from an administrative and policy standpoint and to serve as a forum to discuss related issues. On 17th October 1968, a report by the Relocation Group detailed the essential factors to be taken into account for a Permanent Headquarters (see C-M(68)51). The document outlined building costs, construction time and the space requirements with respect to the site available to NATO at Heysel. Based on the report, the Council expressed concerns with regards to high costs associated with a brand new building, the considerable length of time required, and the inadequate space available at Heysel (C-R(68)60). Due to these concerns, the Council instructed the Relocation Group, in close collaboration with the Belgian Authorities, to study the means and to prepare cost-estimates for the transformation of the Temporary Headquarters at Evere into an acceptable Permanent Headquarters. At the first formal meeting on 25th February 1969, it was agreed that future papers of the Relocation Group should be circulated under a new AC/ reference number (See AC/267-DS/1). At this first meeting, the group began to address the replies from delegations regarding the questionnaire on space requirements, the legal and administrative problems associated with the conversion of Evere to a Permanent Headquarters, and the finalization of the sale of Villa Said, Paris (the correspondence for which can be seen in AC/267-D/1). The Group then began discussion on the legal and technical aspects for the Conversion of Evere into a Permanent Headquarters. These plans included additional buildings, modifications and supplementary facilities, and embellishments. A drafting group was then tasked with drawing up a possible agreement between Belgium and NATO on the concession of additional land at Evere and the compensation for the residual value of the NATO Headquarters. On 11th July 1969, the permanent Representative of Belgium indicated, in AC/267-D/5, that Belgium was prepared to make an additional three hectares available to the Organization, based on the legal aspects described therein. At the 28th August 1969 meeting, the Group noted that during the period of detailed study of the programme for conversion of the Headquarters, other NATO committees should be consulted. The Relocation Group, in AC/267-D/6 and its subsequent revisions outlined a tentative programme, the life expectancy of the building, a proposal by the Consultant Architects and Engineer, a time schedule, cost estimates and ultimately conclusions and recommendations, which, upon a more detailed study of technical and financial aspects, could be recommended to the Council. Additionally, this document included a birds-eye-view of Evere indicating the proposed additions and modifications to the site.In light of this, on the 13th October meeting 1969, the Group examined in detail the technical and financial aspects of the conversion plan based on working papers AC/267-WP/1, AC/267-WP/2, AC/267-WP/4, and AC/267-WP/5. After considering these studies, the Group submitted the report to Council (See C-M(69)44), who subsequently reviewed and discussed it as C-R(69)48.Through October and November 1969, the Relocation Group continued to receive recommendations regarding improvements to existing facilities and the construction of new ones. The 19th November Meeting resulted in the approval of the draft report to Council AC/267-D/7 (subsequently circulated under reference number C-M(69)66) and the adoption of the term “Staff Centre” for the planned facilities for sports and cultural activities. On 13th January 1970, in Addendum 3 to Summary Record C-R(69)54, the Council formally approved the recommendations by the Relocation Group in C-M(69)66, stating that the Council should rescind its December 1966 decision (C-R(66)70), to put in hand construction of a new Permanent Headquarters at Heysel, and to proceed as speedily as possible with the Conversion of the present Headquarters. Once the conversion project had been adopted, the main focus of the Relocation Group shifted to the planning and construction of the Staff Centre where the main challenges were financial. On July 5th 1970, the Relocation Group noted that the United States Government, as a result of congressional decision, was unable to contribute its share of the construction cost of the Staff Centre. A reduced project outline for the Staff Centre was later adopted based on a firm bid that was well below the original price ceiling. After the completion of the construction of the Staff Centre, the conversion of Evere into a Permanent Headquarters was completed.

Restricted Committee of the Planning Board for Inland Surface Transport (AC/15(SG))

  • AC/15(SG)
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1966

The AC/15(SG) chronological series contains the documents of the Steering Group of the Planning Board for Inland Surface Transport (hereinafter referred to as the Restricted Committee). The Restricted Committee was established by the PBEIST (or AC/15) on 23 September 1952 (see AC/15-R/3). The initial terms of reference established on 06/10/1952 (see AC/15(SG)D/1) were approved by the PBEIST on 02/12/1952 (see AC/15-R/5). These terms of reference were revised on 22/07/1954 (see AC/15(SG)R/13) and approved by the PBEIST on 21/03/1955 (see AC/15-R/10). The PBEIST was one of the Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) Planning Boards and Committees. To help it in its mission (i.e. in the event of an attack to ensure the survival of the population, support to military operations, protection of vital resources and national recovery, see AC/12-D/357), the PBEIST created a Restricted Committee. The organization and functions of the Restricted Committee were established in close collaboration between the PBEIST and SHAPE (see AC/15(SG)-D/2). The Restricted Committee was responsible for preparing the work of the PBEIST and coordinating the tasks entrusted to all the bodies which were answerable to the PBEIST, in particular the three regional committees (North, Centre and South Europe) and the seven working groups set up within them. To this end, it was authorized to give these groups all required information and instructions (see AC/15-D/1). The Restricted Committee was headed by a chairman who was assisted by a rapporteur (see AC/15-D/1). From 1952 to 1954, it included delegates from Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States, and also a representative of SACEUR (see AC/15-R/3). Following a revision of its terms of reference in 1954, it included a representative of each of the regional committees and a representative of SACEUR. Any representative of a member nation could also ask to take part in meetings (see AC/15-D/35). The Restricted Committee reported to the PBEIST. It notified (with its opinion) the PBEIST of all the kinds of work with which it was charged, as well as the final reports of each working group and their sub-groups (see AC/15-D/1). The Restricted Committee was renamed the Steering Group in September 1958 (see AC/15(SG)-R/25). It held its last meeting on 23 and 24 May 1966. A further meeting was scheduled for 5 and 6 December 1966, but no meeting was held on those dates or subsequently (AC/15(SG)R/45). The Restricted Committee can therefore be regarded as dormant since 1966.

SGREP - Standing Group Liaison Office (SGLO / 1952-1956) and Office of the Standing Group Representative (SGREP / 1956-1967)

  • SGREP
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1967

This chronological series contains the memoranda sent by the Standing Group Liaison Office in Paris (SGLO, renamed SGREP after 25 December 1956). The representative of the Liaison Office and his colleagues (Secretary and Deputy Secretaries) were regularly invited to Washington for training and briefings by the SG and its subordinate groups, and also by the Military Committee (MC). The SGREPs were addressed to: -the Standing Group in Washington -the Secretary General or the Executive Secretary Their aim was to provide information on ongoing discussions among the military authorities and any problems that might arise. The document in question was generally attached to the SGREP.

STAND - Standing Group

  • STAND
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-1966

The STAND chronological sub-series contains messages sent by the Standing Group (SG) via its secretariat. The STAND documents are messages concerning high-level policies, addressed to the NATO commands, the representative of the SG Liaison Office in London and then Paris, the SG agencies and national Defence Ministries. STAND documents were always approved by the SG or the Steering Committee (SG/SC). After 1954, all messages sent by the SG concerning a policy were STAND documents. Many STAND documents were replies to messages from the SG Liaison Office (LOSTAN and LOM). The SG received two kinds of messages in reply to STAND documents: -from SACEUR or SHAPE - these were known as SHAPTO -from SACLANT - these were known as LANTO

STANLO - Standing Group

  • STANLO
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1954

The STANLO chronological sub-series contains a type of message sent by the SG secretariat. STANLOs gave details about SG decisions or recommendations sent to: -the director of the SG Liaison Office in Paris, for action-the French ministry of Defence, SACEUR, SHAPE or the Council (NAC), for information purposes

STASEC - Standing Group

  • STASEC
  • Corporate body
  • 1950-1965

The STASEC chronological sub-series contains a type of memorandum sent by the Standing Group (SG). STASECs gave details about SG decisions or recommendations sent to the following addressees. For action, to: -the secretariat of the SG Liaison Office in London, then Paris, -the British, then French Ministry of Defence, For information purposes, to: -the Council Deputies, then the North Atlantic Council (NAC), -the Secretary General, -SACEUR or SHAPE. With the exception of STASECs produced when the SG met in Paris in 1954 and 1955 (reference STASEC(Paris) 1 to 19), all STASEC documents were produced by the SG secretariat in Washintgon.

Science Committee

  • AC/137
  • Corporate body
  • 1958-1965

The AC/137 chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee. The Science Committee’s terms of reference were defined at the Council meeting on 29 January 1958 (see C-R(58)6) and presented in document AC/137-D/1. The Committee provided advice on scientific and technical issues of interest to the Atlantic Alliance. It also made recommendations on the actions that needed to be taken to develop NATO’s scientific and technical resources as well as co-operation between the countries, and recommendations regarding the support to be provided to the other international organizations.The Committee set up ad hoc working groups to formulate proposals for future scientific work. They include the following groups, under separate reference: the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Defence Aspects of Psychology (AC/137(DP)), the Defence Research Directors (AC/137(DR)), the Advisory Panel on NATO Science Research Grants (AC/137(RG)), the Working Group on Scholarships (AC/137(S)), the Advisory Group on Space Research (AC/137(SR)), the Study Group on the Von Karman Institute (AC/137(VKI)) and the Ad Hoc Working Party on the Western Science Foundation (AC/137(WF).The experts participating in those groups were appointed by the Science Committee. The work of the various groups was funded by national or international budgets in accordance with the research grant programme, or by special funds set up by NATO for that purpose. The first meeting took place on 26–28 March 1958, with the countries represented by prominent scientists. Thereafter the Science Committee met three times a year.

Science Committee Ad Hoc Working Group on the Defence Aspects of Psychology

  • AC/137(DP)
  • Corporate body
  • 1959

The AC/137(DP) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Ad Hoc Working Group on the Defence Aspects of Psychology. Established by a Science Committee decision on 23 September 1959 (see AC/137-R/5), the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Defence Aspects of Psychology defined its terms of reference at its first meeting on 2–3 November 1959. Its role was to organize a defence psychology conference in summer 1960 and to advise the Office of the Science Adviser on the actions to be taken in order to develop research on defence psychology. After the first meeting, this working group’s documents were no longer given their own specific reference but were simply incorporated into the Science Committee’s chronological document series (AC/137).

Science Committee Ad Hoc Working Party on the Western Science Foundation

  • AC/137(WF)
  • Corporate body
  • 1958

The AC/137(WF) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Ad Hoc Working Party on the Western Science Foundation. The Group was made up of representatives of five Alliance countries: France, Germany, Italy, Norway and the United Kingdom. It was tasked with exploring possible ways of responding to France’s proposal of 11 February 1958 (see AC/137-D/2) on setting up a Western scientific research foundation aimed at improving international co-operation on pure science and applied science. The Working Party met on 21-22 May 1958 and concluded that there was no immediate need for such a foundation but recommended that the Science Committee look into issues related to scholarship programmes, the organization of summer courses and the awarding of research contracts. A report was submitted on 23 May 1958 (see AC/137-D/11) and, its mission accomplished, the Ad Hoc Working Party was dissolved.

Science Committee Advisory Group on Space Research

  • AC/137(SR)
  • Corporate body
  • 1960

The AC/137(SR) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Advisory Group on Space Research. Established by a Science Committee decision at its meeting on 6-7 January 1960 (see AC/137-R/6), the Advisory Group on Space Research was an unofficial ad hoc working group. Its mission was to find ways of intensifying international co-operation on space research and to see whether there were other foreseeable ways of organizing European co-operation on space research. The Science Committee took over responsibility for the topic of space research in 1961.

Science Committee Advisory Panel on NATO Science Research Grants

  • AC/137(RG)
  • Corporate body
  • 1960

The AC/137(RG) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Advisory Panel on NATO Science Research Grants. This was one of three programmes of the Office of the Science Adviser to be funded by NATO in 1959. The grants had to be awarded to international research programmes. The panel was made up of five scholars, to form a group qualified to decide how such grants should be awarded (see AC/137-R/5). Initially stored under the reference AC/137(RG), the documents relating to this panel were incorporated into the Science Committee’s chronological document series as of 1961.

Science Committee Defence Research Directors

  • AC/137(DR)
  • Corporate body
  • 1958-1963

The AC/137(DR) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Defence Research Directors. The idea of setting up a working group for the national directors of scientific research on defence to express their opinions on ways of enhancing the effectiveness of research in the Alliance countries was first proposed in October 1958. The first informal meeting was held on 1-2 December 1958, following which it was decided that one meeting would be held per year. The last meeting was held on 21-22 November 1963, after which the Subcommittee of Defence Research Directors turned into the Committee of Defence Research Directors (see the AC/243 series).

Science Committee Study Group on the Von Karman Institute

  • AC/137(VKI)
  • Corporate body
  • 1965

The AC/137(VKI) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Study Group on the Von Karman Institute. This study group was created by a Council decision in June 1965 (see C-R(65)30). It brought together a group of experts tasked with assessing the Von Karman Institute’s scientific work and making recommendations about its future. The Group met for the first time at the Institute on 5-7 August 1965. After the second meeting, a report concluding that it was necessary to maintain the Institute was submitted to the Science Committee (see AC/137-D/264). As the Study Group had achieved its mission, it was then disbanded.

Science Committee Working Group on Scholarships

  • AC/137(S)
  • Corporate body
  • 1958

The AC/137(S) chronological series contains the records of the Science Committee Working Group on Scholarships. The Working Group was set up at the first meeting of the Science Committee, and its terms of reference were immediately defined (see AC/137-R/1). The Working Group was tasked with gathering intelligence on the frequency of university student exchanges. It also had to provide the Science Committee with proposals on NATO’s co-ordination of the frequency of the exchanges, on the Organization’s financial or other assistance in support of the countries’ student exchange efforts, and finally on NATO’s establishment of a centre tasked with co-ordinating those exchanges.It was also up to the Working Group to provide advice on promoting summer courses and the scholarships to be awarded to those registered for summer courses. After this first meeting, the documents on scholarships were incorporated into the Science Committee’s chronological document series under the reference AC/137.

Second NATO Troop Information Course

  • AC/93
  • Corporate body
  • 1955

The AC/93 chronological series contains the records of the Second NATO Troop Information Course (hereinafter referred to as the Second Course). On the recommendation of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations (CICR) (see C-M(54)53 dated 21 June 1954), the Council agreed that courses be held to inform the member nations' armed forces about NATO. (See C-R(54)27 dated 3 July 1954.) AC/52-D/85-REV1, produced on 31 March 1955, served as the terms of reference. On 29 June 1955, the Second Course held its closing meeting (see AC/93-R/1). It did not meet again.

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