Authority record. Showing 206 results

Committee of Technical Advisors

  • AC/110
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1957

The AC/110 chronological series contains the records of the Committee of Technical Advisors.This committee was created by the Council in July 1956, with the primary purpose being to come to the aid of the underdeveloped countries (proposal by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Christian Pineau). Consisting of representatives from each member country, the committee worked under the authority of the Council. It was tasked with summarizing the position taken by each member nation on the links between the problems of economic development in the underdeveloped countries on the one hand, and the stability and well-being of the NATO member nations on the other, as well as the various economic and technical aspects of the Pineau plan. The Committee met for the first time on 23 July 1956. It submitted its report to the Council on 18 December 1956 (C-M(56)142), which discussed it at its meeting on 16 January,1957 (C-R(57)3).In January 1957, the Committee was disbanded following the creation of the Economic Committee(1), to which its functions and responsibilities were transferred (C-M(56)127).

Committee of Three

  • CT
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The chronological series under the reference CT contains the documents of the Committee of Three on Non-Military Cooperation, also known as the Three Wise Men.Set up by the Council on 5 May 1956 (see C-R(56)23) in order to "advise the Council on ways and means to improve and extend NATO cooperation in non-military fields and to develop greater unity within the Atlantic Community", the Committee comprised three ministers - Mr Halvard Lange, Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Gaetano Martino, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Mr Lester B. Pearson, Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs. The International Staff provided support for the preparation of their documents and administrative matters.A Committee of Deputies was also established, composed of the Canadian, Italian and Norwegian Permanent Representatives. The chairmanship of the Committee of Deputies was to devolve on the Secretary General or the Deputy Secretary General.The Committee of Three first met from 20 to 22 June 1956 at NATO Headquarters in Paris. It immediately sent out a questionnaire to the NATO nations to establish a basis for the discussion. The questionnaire plan was as follows:I. Political questionsII. Economic questionsIII. Cultural questionsIV. Questions concerning informationV. Organization and functionsThe Committee met again in Paris in September 1956 to consider and analyse the answers to the questionnaire. They also surveyed the development of NATO and other international organizations, NATO's achievements up to that point in the military field, and the political and economic questions which had been dealt with in the past.On the basis of these consultations a draft report to the Council was prepared. A final meeting in New York in November 1956 allowed the Committee to revise the document. The report, which in particular recommended the establishment of committees of political and economic advisers under the Council, was reviewed and approved by the Council in ministerial session on 13 December 1956. With its mission accomplished, the Committee of Three then disbanded.

Committee of the Annual Review

  • AC/19
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1967

The AC/19 chronological series contains the records of the Committee of the Annual Review. At the conference held in Lisbon in February 1952, the Council decided that the relevant NATO bodies should undertake an ongoing review of the requirements arising from the creation of an adequate defence capability (C9-D/20 dated 23 February 1952). The Council and the International Staff should be organized in such a way that the requirements of NATO programmes would coincide with the real possibilities of implementation at the political and economic levels. With a view to supervising and coordinating all activities in this area, the Council decided at its meeting of 6 May 1952 to set up a working group on the annual report under the chairmanship of the Deputy Secretary General (C-R(52)2).This working group, which was soon to acquire committee status(1) (ISM(52)29), met for the first time on 8 May 1952 under the chairmanshipof Mr H. van Vredenburch, Deputy Secretary General. The Committee of the Annual Review comprised representatives of all the NATO member nations, together with representatives of the International Staff and the Standing Group Liaison Office.The role of the Committee was to supervise the organization of the annual review in order to ensure that political and military directives were implemented. One of the aims of the annual review was to form a clear idea of the defence effort of each nation. The first meetings were mainly devoted to the organization of the annual review and the establishment of working groups(2). Thereafter, each year, the Committee laid downthe procedure, set the work schedule and issued instructions for the overview report to the Council. During its meetings it examined the information provided by member nations in response to the questionnaire on their defence status. The annual review underwent a number of modifications over the years, but in general the procedures changed very little.By the beginning of the 1960s the annual review procedure had become very time-consuming, and nations began to question its efficiency(3). In January 1960, the Council tasked the Steering Group(4) with studying possible modifications to the annual review to make it both simpler and more efficient. The Group’s report proposed that the review should be carried out on a triennal rather than annual basis, so that nations’ defence programmes could be re-assessed every three years in the light of NATO’s global requirements. Circumstances prevented the triennial procedure from being fully implemented.From 1963 onwards, the annual/triennal review ceased to be a priority and was eclipsed by the preparations for forming long-term plans for NATO as decided at the Ottawa ministerial meetings. Under the new procedure, the Committee should adopt a horizontal approach to problems rather than focusing on the situation in each country. The last annual review organized by AC/19 was in 1966. The Committee of the Annual Review was disbanded and replaced by the Defence Review Committee as from 1967(5).

Committee of the Annual Review - Working Group on the Annual Review Procedure

  • AC/39
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1966

The AC/39 chronological series contains the records of the Working Group on the Annual Review Procedure.
From 1952 to 1966, the annual review was one of NATO’s main tasks. This process evolved to become one of the factors guiding the development of the Alliance’s defence(1).
At its meeting on 15 December 1952, the Committee of the Annual Review approved a proposal put forward by its Chairman, who emphasized "the urgent need for agreement on procedure for the completion of the 1952 Annual Review and for the 1953 Annual Review" and suggested that "a Working Group should be set up immediately to consider these points with a view to recommending the procedure for the work to be accomplished by the Spring and the additional information to be requested from Governments for the completion of the Annual Review"
The Working Group on the Annual Review Procedure which was then set up met for the first time on 16 December 1952 under the chairmanship of Mr J. K. Horsefield, a member of the Economics and Finance Division. AC/39 comprised representatives of member nations and the NATO International Staff. Representatives of the Standing Group and SHAPE also attended the meetings.
The Group’s first task was to examine the proposals drawn up by the International Staff for the final period of the 1952 annual review. It then quickly turned its attention to the procedure to be put in place for the 1953 annual review.
In the coming years, in addition to establishing the procedure, which was in fact the responsibility of the Committee of the Annual Review, the task of AC/39 was to draft the questionnaire which was circulated around 15 May each year. To this end, the Group met two or three times during the first half of the year to consider proposed modifications to the questionnaire for the current year and to update it.
While the annual review underwent some modifications from one year to the next, overall it changed very little. Over time, the review procedure became very time-consuming and nations began to question its efficiency.
In January 1960, the Council tasked the Steering Group(2) with studying possible modifications to the annual review to make it both simpler and more efficient. The Group’s report proposed that the review should be carried out on a triennial rather than annual basis, but circumstances prevented this proposal from being fully implemented.
From 1963 onwards, the annual/triennal review ceased to be a priority and was eclipsed by the preparations for forming long-term plans. The Group met less and less often. The last meeting at which it worked on the questionnaire for the 1964 annual review was held on 20 March 1964. The 1965 annual review was of a nature and purpose very similar to that of 1964, and the procedures remained unchanged. It was therefore decided that the 1964 questionnaire should be retained for the 1965 annual review with as few modifications as possible (AC/39-D/143).
The last document in this series was issued on 2 December 1966.

Committee on Africa

  • AC/146
  • Corporate body
  • 1959-1960

The AC/146 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on Africa.In November 1958, the Council decided to task a working group made up of the representatives of Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Portugaland the United Kingdom to assemble, in cooperation with the International Staff, preliminary documentation on the problem of the Soviet penetration of Africa (C-R(58)54). Following this decision, the Secretary General asked the International Staff to produce a document, taking particular account of the terms of reference of the Committee at the level of the Permanent Representatives (C-R(58) 56). At its meeting on 7 January 1959 (C-R(59)1), the Council tasked the International Staff with reworking the text of the first draft (PO/58/1638). On 14 January 1959 (C-R(59)2), it approved the revised version of this draft (PO/58/1638(Revised) and decided that the Committee would hold its first meeting on 19 January 1959.The Committee's terms of reference were spelled out in PO/58/1638 (2nd revise), dated 20 January 1959. This committee, referred to as the Committee on Africa, was instructed to report back to the Council on the methods of Soviet penetration in that part of Africa situated south of the Sahara, on Soviet advances in the region and the measures adopted or proposed to address this threat, and to make suggestions to the Council. The Committee consisted of experts appointed by the following countries: Belgium,France, Italy, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Committee's reports were sent directly to the Council.The Committee on Africa produced its documents under reference AC/146 in 1959-1960. Beginning in 1961, this reference was abandoned. The Committee's work was taken over by the Expert Working Group on Africa, attached to the Political Committee(1).

Committee on Civil Organization in Time of War

  • AC/23
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1955

The AC/23 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on Civil Organization in Time of War (hereinafter referred to as AC/23). In a memorandum dated 6 June 1952 (see C-M(52)27), the Secretary General invited the Council to make plans for the organization of the civil population and for countering a possible Soviet "fifth column" in the NATO countries in the event of war. Consequently, on 11 June 1952, the Council decided to set up a Working Group on Civil Organization in Time of War (see C-R(52)8). It was renamed the Committee on Civil Organization in Time of War after November 1952 (see AC/23-D/17). AC/23 was created to consider and report to the Council on the aspects of civil organization of North Atlantic Treaty countries in time of war that should be studied and how the studies should best be carried out. AC/23 was made up of a representative nominated by each Member state and a chairman (Sir Hoyer Millar) nominated by the Secretary General (see AC/23-N/1). The chairman of the two AC/23 sub-committees, the representative of the Standing Group Liaison Office in London and then in Paris, and a SHAPE representative also attended the meetings. The Secretary General, in a letter dated 30 July 1952, invited each of the Member States to provide information about the measures they had already taken in this area (see C-M(52)101). In the light of the replies, AC/23 chose to address matters of civil defence and refugees separately (see AC/23-R/3). On 29 November 1952, two sub-committees were created for that purpose and answerable to it: the Civil Defence Committee (AC/23(CD)) and the Committee on Refugees and Evacuees (see AC/23-D/25). AC/23 held its last meeting on 2 December 1954 (see AC/23-/13). On 9 November 1955, the Council approved the creation of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (AC/98 or CEPC) and decided to dissolve the Committee on Civil Organization in Time of War (see C-M(55)100 and C-R(55)50). This was to avoid duplication of effort on coordination, which would henceforth be handled by AC/98. The acronym AC/23 was taken over in April 1956 by the Civil Protection Committee (formerly AC/23(CD)).

Committee on Information and Cultural Relations

  • AC/52
  • Corporate body
  • 1953-1974

The AC/52 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations.This committee was established on 8 July 1953 by the North Atlantic Council after the latter approved the merger of two working groups - the Working Group on Information Policy(1) and the Working Group on Social and Cultural Co-operation(2) into a single joint working group on cultural co-operation and information policy (C-R(53)34). Its terms of reference were approved on 2 September 1953 (C-R(53)40), at which time it was given the title of the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations (CICR). The CICR reported directly to the Council. It had two functions: information and cultural relations. The CICR worked on information issues with the Information Service, in particular providing its advice on the policy aspect of that Service's activities. On 12 April 1961, the Council approved the disbandment of the Working Group on Psychological Action (AC/186) (C-R(61)12) and decided to task the CICR with its work. A new paragraph was added to the Committee's terms of reference (AC/52-WP(61)28, dated 3 June 1961). The Committee was tasked to "serve as the usual forum for the discussion of day-to-day questions arising in the field of psychological action, as defined in the report of the Working Group on Psychological Action C-M(61)25".The CICR had a range of activities. It reported on Communist anti-Western propaganda in meetings, conferences, assemblies, publications, journals and radio broadcasts on the subject. It even set up an Ad Hoc Study Group on the Communist Offensive in the Youth Field (C-M(61)91 and AC/52-WP(63)2). Another CICR activity was a teaching and research fellowship programme, as well as a summer university course. Among other Committee activities worthy of note are the preparation of events marking NATO anniversaries, participation in conventions, contacts with various organizations such as the College of Europe, UNESCO and others, and studies on relations between the Atlantic Community and the Soviet bloc.This Committee is a standing committee which still operates today(3) .

Committee on Information and Cultural Relations - Ad Hoc Meeting of Senior Officers in NATO Countries concerned with Government-Sponsored Cultural Activities

  • AC/52(CE)
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The AC/52(CE) chronological series contains the documents of the Ad Hoc Meeting of Senior Officers in NATO Countries concerned with Government-Sponsored Cultural Activities.
In April 1956, the Committee on Information and Cultural Relations(1) decided to organize a conference of experts on cultural matters in the NATO countries with a view to providing fresh impetus to the cultural programme. This proposal was approved by the Council at its ministerial session in May 1956, and the meeting of senior officials took place on 10-12 July 1956. The participants concluded the discussions by recommending various actions (AC/52-D/178), some of which had already been initiated (e.g.: study/research fellowships; summer courses) with the others remaining to be designed or set up (e.g.: translation of Soviet scientific publications; extension of exchanges to the heads of union groups and youth movements; meeting of an Atlantic Round Table, etc). In September 1956, all of these proposals were reviewed by the Committee, with the goal being to consider how to act on them (AC/52-R/60 and AC/52 R/61).
This conference was a one-time event, as had been originally decided. It led to the implementation of new actions.

Committee on Information and Cultural Relations - Working Group on the Greek Delegation's proposal

  • AC/52(SP)
  • Corporate body
  • 1958

The AC/52(SP) chronological series contains the records of the Working Group on the Greek Delegation's Proposal.
This working group was established in May 1958 further to a proposal from Greece aimed at creating a study committee on Soviet propaganda. It met for the first time on 22 May 1958. At the four meetings of the Group, it became abundantly clear that NATO felt it was ill-informed of the use to which each member country was putting the information sent to them. The Group proposed sending a questionnaire on the subject to each member country.
The replies received were discussed at the fifth conference of the Heads of National Services in October 1958 (see the Working Group's final report, circulated under reference AC/52 D(58)52 on 31 October 1958).

Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS)

  • AC/274
  • Corporate body
  • 1969-2006

The AC/274 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS). The CCMS is a standing committee established by the North Atlantic Council on 24 November 1969 (see C-R(69)49). The initial terms of reference from 17/11/1969 (AC/274-D/1) were revised on 01/08/2000. It reports on its activities to the Council annually (AC/274-D/1).The CCMS was one of the three scientific committees created by NATO in the 1950s and 1960s. The Committee worked in line with Article 2 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which states that "the Parties will promote conditions of stability and well-being". It was a forum for the exchange of knowledge and experience on technical, scientific and environmental aspects of the social and environmental issues in both the civilian and military sectors in NATO countries. After 2000, its network was expanded to the Partner countries, and its activities were reoriented more toward the problems that could jeopardize peace and stability.The CCMS was chaired by the Assistant Secretary General of the division responsible for scientific and environmental affairs. Each participating country could determine the make-up of its participation. The committee was assisted, as required, by the relevant divisions of the International Staff (AC/274-D/1).The fundamental role of the CCMS was to supervise NATO's Environment and Society Programme, created on 28 January 1970 (C-R(70)5). The CCMS met twice a year to review general policy, discuss the various parts of the programme, discuss work under way and propose new work, and forward its annual report to the Council (AC/274-D/110). Member countries had to inform the Council and the Committee of steps taken to apply CCMS recommendations (AC/274-D/39).The staff officer for the topics of study was the contact person on the International Staff. Under the authority of the Assistant Secretary General, the staff officer was responsible for the coordination, the running and the centralization of the entire programme. The Staff Officer prepared the meetings of the Committee, its panels and its working groups, liaised with the other science organizations (including the SCOM) and oversaw the CCMS public relations policy (BC-D(70)11).Throughout its existence, there were four parts to the programme: the pilot study, the ad hoc short-term project, the workshop or seminar, and the research fellowship. The pilot study created on 28 January 1970 (C-R(70)5) was by far the most important. Pilot studies lasted several years (usually three to five). The results were available to everyone. The topic of the pilot study could be suggested by a Member country or by the Committee itself (AC/274-WP/2). Research focused on environmental or societal issues, including pollution, noise, urban problems, energy, health and defence-related environmental problems.Starting in 1970, it was mandatory for a final report to be drafted, but it was only in 1974 that the procedure was clearly and definitively established (AC/274-D/39-REV2).The pilot study had to involve at least five partners of which two had to be Member countries after 1997. It was funded by the lead nation and the co-leads (AC/274-D/2). The pilot study could be punctuated by annual workshops or international conferences held in each participating country in turn. During the 1990s, problems emerged that led to a progressive decline in the programme: the portion of participants from Member countries decreased, some partner countries had hesitations, or there was overlap between the activities of the Science Committee (SCOM) and the CCMS.The proposed solution was a merger of the two committees into a single Science for Peace and Security Committee (SPS or AC/328). This merger, which entered into force on 28 June 2006, marked the end of the CCMS and its NATO's Environment and Society Programme.

Committee on the Implementation of the NATO Alert System

  • AC/290
  • Corporate body
  • 1973-1974

The AC/290 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on the Implementation of the NATO Alert System.This committee was established to ensure that the alert system functioned properly. Its role is presented in AC/290-N(73)1, but its terms of reference were not clearly defined until 1975 when the tasks assigned to the Committee that it was already carrying out were put into writing. The first Committee meeting was held on 8 August 1973. In 1974, it planned exercise HILEX 6 and participated in the work of other committees such as the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee.

Committee to Examine the EDC Treaty

  • AC/21
  • Corporate body
  • 1952

The AC/21 chronological series contains the records of the Committee to Examine the EDC Treaty.This Committee was created by a Council decision on 13 May 1952 (see C-M(52)3) to carry out the verification work on the Treaty Establishing the European Defence Community (EDC). It had to secure military experts’ support for examining the military aspects of the treaty.The Committee was comprised of national representatives and the Standing Group’s Liaison Officer or a member of his staff. It was chaired by Mr Fenoaltea and met four times in the 16–26 May 1952 period. On 26 May, the Committee submitted a report to the Council (see C-M(52)20) inviting the countries to sign the treaty.Once its mission had been accomplished, the Committee to Examine the EDC Treaty was disbanded.

Committee to Reduce Deficiencies

  • AC/20
  • Corporate body
  • 1952

The AC/20 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on the Financing of Additional Aircraft Production.The Committee was created by the North Atlantic Council on 13 May 1952 to discuss the financing of additional aircraft production and to consider ways and means of activating the additional production of aircraft; the Working Group would then submit a report to the Council. The meetings of the Committee were chaired by Mr. R. Sergent, Assistant Secretary General for Economic Affairs, and were attended by representatives of Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the United States, the International Staff and the Standing Group. The Committee held its first meeting on 16 May 1952 and its last meeting was held on 30 May 1952.

Communications Electronics

  • IMSM(CE)
  • Corporate body
  • 1967

International Military Staff Memorandum - Communications and Electronics Division

Conference of National Information Officers

  • AC/124
  • Corporate body
  • 1957-1974

The AC/124 chronological series contains the records of the Conference of National Information Officers. The first Conference of National Information Officers was held in 1951, the second in 1953 and the third in 1955(1) .The AC/124 series contains the records of the Conferences of National Information Officers from 1957 onward. The aim of these conferences was to review the Member countries’ information distribution efforts. We have no terms of reference per se for these conferences, which followed up on three others. The records from the first conference include the recommendations of the North Atlantic Council Deputies, which had proposed a meeting of senior information officers in order to establish close co-operation between the Member countries’ information services in the framework of ideological warfare (see D-D(51)62, D-R(51)13 and D-R(51)14).

DC - Subject Files Defence Committee

  • DC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1952

The DC Subject Files encompass decisions, reports and proposals on a variety of Defence related topics, such as the establishment of Military Committee and the Military Representatives Committee, activities of the Standing Group, such as the creation of the Military Standardization Agency, establishment of the Ocean Shipping Planning Board, reports from the Military Production and Supply Board, Strategic Planning proposals, reorganization documents, association of Greece and Turkey.

DCM - Defence Committee

  • DCM
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1951

This chronological Series contains the memoranda of the Defence Committee.The memoranda were usually directed for the subsidiary committees, such as the Military Committee, the Standing Group or the Military Production and Supply Board, or as recommendations to the North Atlantic Council or the Council Deputies.

DSGM - Standing Group

  • DSGM
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1966

The Standing Group (hereinafter referred to as the SG) consisted of the French, British and US representatives, who acted as Chairman on an annual rotating basis (until 1964) and then for 2 years + 1. The SG met regularly, once a week. The Chairman was assisted by a Director in the performance of his duties and the effective implementation of day-to-day work. The SG Director chaired the meetings of his team and some meetings of the SG Steering Committee. The SG Secretary sometimes served as Deputy Director, but one person could also fill both posts (see SGM-1702-53, page 6, SG organization).The SG Director supervised the following bodies, among others:-three International Working Teams (IWT) of the SG: France, the United Kingdom and the United States (see SGM-1702-53). The IWTs dealt with specific issues and reported to the SG Director via his secretariat (see below). The working groups carried out most of the SG's work; -a secretariat which managed the administrative work of the SG and the three working teams. It advised on security procedures in the SG structure, managed the budgets and liaised with other NATO bodies. The secretariat was based in Washington DC, as was the SG headquarters (see SG-228-Final); -three International Planning Teams (IPT);-the Military Committee (MC); -the Military Representatives Committee (MRC).The SG Director ensured that the following work was duly performed: -preparation of MC and SG meetings (arranging the room, agendas, proposed actions) -production of decision sheets (rough drafts and final versions) -organization of travel for any member of an SG body-establishment of a NATO security policy and taking account of inspection reports on this subject-creation of COSMIC registries and security posts -sharing of information between the SG, NATO commands and the WEU-drawing up terms of reference for each SG body-opening up the SG's subordinate groups (including the secretariat) to the other NATO member nations in the framework of the 1963 reform-occasional reorganizations of the SG structure Following the creation of the International Staff in 1952, the SG secretariat merged with the SG Director's office and the Secretary was given the title of Deputy Director (see DSGM-222-52). The SG Director was henceforth responsible for supervising and coordinating the work of the International Planning Staff under his management (see SSGM-124-64). The SG and all its subordinate groups (including the secretariat) were abolished in July 1966 after France decided to withdraw from the integrated military structure (see MCM-90-66(REV) and GF(66)D-27).

Defence Committee

  • DC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1952

The DC chronological Fonds contains the records of the Defence Committee.In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the working group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, at its first session in 1949 the Council established a Defence Committee (C1-D-1/1, C1-D-1/2).The terms of reference, established at the first Council session, laid down a number of points. The Committee was made up of Defence Ministers or their representatives from each signatory State. The Chair was held for an ordinary annual session by the signatory states in turn, in their English alphabetical order, starting with the United States. The Committee met each year, normally behind closed doors, in an ordinary session convened by the Chair. The venue of the meeting was fixed by the Chair after consulting Committee members. Additional meetings could be held at the express request of the Council or of a majority of Committee members (C1-D-1/2).The Committee's task was to prepare unified defence plans for the North Atlantic region (C1-D-1/2).The Committee was aided by subsidiary military bodies set up during the first two Council sessions:- the Military Committee(1), which was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee;-the Standing Group(2), a sub-committee of the Military Committee;-the five strategic regional groups (the Northern European Regional Planning Group, Western European Regional Planning Group, Southern European-Western Mediterranean Regional Planning Group, Canadian-United States Regional Planning Group and the North Atlantic Ocean Regional Planning Group);-the Military Production and Supply Board(3), also subordinate to the Defence Committee (C1-D-1/2,C2-D-1/5).The Defence Committee took importance decisions for the development of NATO’s structure. In 1949 it proposed a strategic concept for the integrated defence of the North Atlantic area, and the methods of working out a programme for the production and supply of arms and equipment. In 1950 it approved a four-year medium-term defence plan. Following the communist attack on South Korea, also in 1950, at the Council's request the Defence Committee made plans for the creation of a powerful integrated European force under centralized command(4). The Committee started operating on 4 October 1949, and was abolished as a separate ministerial body of the Council when the latter was reorganized on 3 May 1951 (D-D(51)86 (Final)).

Results 21 to 40 of 206