Authority record. Showing 206 results

Ad Hoc Committee on Equipment Interoperability

  • AC/297
  • Corporate body
  • 1976-1977

The AC/297 chronological series contains the records of the Ad Hoc Committee on Equipment Interoperability. This was a temporary committee originally established for one year by the North Atlantic Council on 28 January 1976 (see C-R(76)3). Its terms of reference were presented at its first meeting, held on 5/2/1976 (see AC/297-D/1). It gave an interim report to the Council at each Ministerial meeting; the Council would then decide whether to prolong the Committee's work (AC/297-D/1).The Committee was chaired by the Deputy Secretary General. It was made up of the deputy permanent representatives, assisted or represented as required by defence counsellors from the delegations or national experts on technical matters (see C-R(76)3). The ASGs for the Defence Support, Defence Policy and Planning and Political Affairs Divisions also attended, as did representatives of the Military Committee (including the Chairman of the Military Agency for Standardization) and representatives of the three Major NATO Commanders. The Committee was empowered to draw on the services of existing NATO bodies whenever appropriate (see PO(76)7). The Committee was tasked: - firstly with determining "where the capability of the forces of the nations of the Alliance to operate together or support one another is seriously constrained due to the lack of interoperability of equipment"; - then with developing specific recommendations for correcting those deficiencies expeditiously; - and finally with preparing proposals for procedures to ensure adequate interoperability of equipment in future (see PO(76)7). Based on work already carried out by the Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD) and its subordinate bodies, by the Military Agency for Standardization, by the Major NATO Commands and by the international staffs, and also based on the initial proposals by the NATO Military Authorities (see C-M(76)28-REV1), the Council identified the five most pressing areas. It was agreed that others could be added subsequently, but this did not happen. Consequently the Committee established five working groups to develop specific action plans on a full-time basis (see C-R(76)3). They were made up of some Committee members and national experts (see PO(76)7). They were the Working Group on Communications – Tactical Area Communications (WG1), the Working Group on Cross-Servicing – Tactical Aircraft Rearming (WG2), the Working Group on Ammunition – Tank Gun Ammunition (WG3), the Working Group on Fuels – Naval Ships and Land-based Military Jet Aircraft (WG4) and the Working Group on Implementation of STANAGs – Those STANAGs which would give the greatest improvement in military effectiveness and flexibility (WG5). The Working Groups met several times a year and submitted provisional reports to the Committee. On the basis of those reports, the Committee prepared its report to the Council for each Ministerial meeting (see C-M(76)70-REV1) in which it invited the ministers to note the progress made and to endorse the proposals for action. The Committee held its last meeting on 7 November 1977, inviting the Council at that time to approve the disbandment of the working groups that had completed their work. The decision to disband the Ad Hoc Committee itself was postponed until the December 1977 meeting (see AC/297-D/41-DRAFT).

Ad Hoc Working Group on Pipelines

  • AC/111
  • Corporate body
  • 1956

The AC/111 chronological series contains the records of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Pipelines.At its meeting on 18 July 1956 (C-R(56)40), the Council examined a note submitted by the French delegation (C-M(56)95). It subsequently decided to set up an ad hoc working group responsible for submitting recommendations to it on the French proposals seeking a revision of documents C-M(55)74 and C-M(56)83 in connection with the Central Europe area.France felt that it was necessary to decentralize the NATO POL pipeline system as much as possible in order to ensure that it operated smoothly. With this in mind, it suggested that a national pipeline operating agency be set up in each country of Central Europe, and that the role of the NATO Central Europe Operating Agency be modified.The Working Group made up of representatives of the user nations of the Central Europe Pipeline System met for the first time on 27 July 1956 under the chairmanship of Mr A. F. Moreau, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Production and Logistics, assisted by representatives from the user nations, members of the International Staff and representatives from the Permanent Group and SHAPE.The Working Group examined the French proposals and produced a report which contained a specific project for the organization of the NATO Pipeline System in the central European region, which provided for the creation of a national agency in one or more countries, and which took account of the pressing need to put in place functional units known as "Divisions". This document, which is dated 11 December 1956, was submitted to the Council under reference C-M(56)129.The Council approved the text at its meeting on 19 December 1956 (C-R(56)77), and decided to recommend that interested countries immediately establish the proposed Organization, to wit the Central Europe Operating Agency and the Central Europe Pipeline Office.On 26 November 1956, after completing its work, the Working Group decided to disband.

Ad Hoc Working Group on Resolution C-M(60)142

  • AC/200
  • Corporate body
  • 1960

The AC/200 chronological series contains the documents of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Resolution C-M(60)142.This group was created by the Council in March 1961, on a proposal by Turkey. It was tasked with identifying the means of implementing the resolution on assistance to the less-developed member countries which was adopted at the December 1960 Ministerial (C-M(60)142).In addition to the representatives from Greece, Turkey and members of the International Staff, the Group consisted of delegates from the following seven countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. It was to report to the Council before the Oslo Ministerial and, with this in mind, it prepared a draft report in which it recommended sending a mission to Greece and Turkey. The Council approved this planned mission and tasked the Secretary General with choosing the officials who would be going.After this decision was made, the Group felt that its work was completed.

Agenda - Defence Committee

  • DC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949-1950

This chronological Series contains the agendas created for the meetings of the Defence Committee.

Annual Review Committee

  • AR
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1966

The Annual Review chronological series contains records on the annual defence review process.During the period 1952-1966, completing this annual review was one of NATO's primary tasks. The process developed and became one of the pillars constituting the Alliance's foundation for the development of its defence. The Annual Defence Review was at the core of the International Staff's activities for several years.In February 1952, the Council decided to carry out a comprehensive review each year of the requirements generated by the establishment and maintenance of a satisfactory defence posture based on actual performance capabilities from the political and economic standpoints. The Annual Review Committee was thus set up to supervise and co-ordinate all work in this area(1). One of the Annual Review's goals was to produce a clear presentation of the defence effort being made by each country. In July 1952, the first questionnaire entitled "Questionnaire adressé aux pays en vue de la réunion annuelle 1952 des besoins qu‘entraînent la création et l’entretien d’une puissance défensive" was finalized. Once adopted, it was circulated to the Member Nations. Replies were to be sent into the International Staff. Their review could thus begin.Over the years, the Annual Review was amended so as to streamline it and enhance its impact in the member states. In general, the documents pertaining to the Annual Review consisted of the following parts: - a preface and directives for preparing the memorandum; - three sections on the various forces: Army, Navy and Air Force; - an economic and financial section and annexes containing instructions on how to answer the questionnaire.By the early 1960s, the procedure to be followed for the Annual Review had become quite cumbersome. Too complicated, and seeking to address too many questions in detail, the Annual Review no longer fully met the goal assigned it. It proved inadequate as a means of pressure in the case of serious divergence between the requirements of NATO military authorities and the actual force contributions of member states. Beginning in 1959, the nations began to question its effectiveness. In January 1960, the Council tasked a Steering Group (AC/159) to look into whether changes might be made to the Annual Review in order to make it both simpler and more effective. In its report, the Group proposed that the Review no longer be carried out each year, but every three years instead. It would thus be possible, every three years, to reassess the defence programmes of the nations in the light of NATO's overall requirements. Because of the circumstances, this three-year procedure was never fully implemented.For the cycle commencing in 1962, the Annual Reviews dealt with the force requirements for 1962-1966. The work was carried out according to the following schedule: - 1962 - Triennial Review covering the force goals for 1963 and 1964 ; - 1963 - Interim Review covering the force goals for 1964; - 1964 - Annual Review covering the force goals for 1965; - 1965 - Interim Review covering the force goals for 1966; - 1966 - pending publication of the long-term force plans, the Annual Review for 1966 covered the force goals for 1967.Starting in 1963, the Annual/Triennial Review took a back seat to preparatory work for NATO long-term planning, which was decided upon at the Ottawa Ministerial. Under the new procedure, instead of focusing on the situation in each country, a horizontal approach to the consideration of problems was adopted. The Annual Review Committee was disbanded and, beginning in 1967, it was replaced by the Defence Review Committee(2).

Annual Review Committee - Ad Hoc Working Group

  • AC/19(WG)
  • Corporate body
  • 1958

The AC/19(WG) sub-series contains the records of the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Annual Review Committee.

The Ad Hoc Working Group was created by the Annual Review Committee on 20 January 1958 to create draft reports to the North Atlantic Council. The Working Group was chaired by the Assistant Secretary General for Economics and Finance, and consisted of representatives from France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States (AC/19-N/36).

The Working Group issued documents that dealt with the implementation of resolution C-M(54)85, which itself addresses defence co-operation with the Western European Union, and increased authority for SACEUR.

Armaments Committee

  • AC/74
  • Corporate body
  • 1954-1956

The AC/74 chronological series contains the records of the Armaments Committee.The Council approved the report of the Working Party on the Formation of a Defence Production Committee(1) on 20 April 1954, and such a committee was rapidly established with the designation Defence Production Committee (C-R(54)15, part 3). Its tasks, laid down in the terms of reference dated 10 April 1954, were: to advise the Council and make recommendations on policy questions in the field of defence production, to draw up its working programme and keep the execution of that programme under review, to set up expert and working groups, draw up their terms of reference, consider their reports and formulate recommendations accordingly; to establish close working relations with other appropriate NATO bodies; to meet at regular intervals and report directly to the Council (C-M(54)29). For this purpose national armaments specialists, International Staff members and Standing Group representatives met, from 6 May 1954, chaired by the Assistant Secretary General for Production and Logistics. The Committee took in hand all the armaments working groups which were designated expert groups. It was very active and did essential work for defence through these expert groups. It created new groups, such as the Liaison Group for Spare Parts (AC/74(LG)) and the Working Party on the Application of the New Assumptions to the Emergency Planning Work of the Committee (AC/74(NA)) in 1955.The Defence Production Committee operated in this way until August 1958, when its terms of reference and its name were changed. With the rapid development of science and technology the emphasis must then be shifted to cooperation on research in advance of production. On the basis of analysis by the French, German, Netherlands and United States delegations the Armaments Committee’s terms of reference were extended to cover pre-production matters (C-M(58)107), and a Joint Working Group on Cooperation in the Field of Armaments (AC/142) was set up which was to recommend the NATO basic military requirement (NBMR) procedure. In the following years the Committee put considerable work into procedures to facilitate the initiation and completion of cooperative arms production projects. But in spite of progress the result, with some eight major production programmes (but only one springing from a NATO basic military requirement) was deemed insufficient.The failure of the NBMR method led the Organization to develop a new more flexible concept, dissolving the Armaments Committee in September 1966 and completely reorganizing all bodies responsible for defence production (C-M(66)33(Revised)). This reorganization was intended to give new impetus to cooperation in NATO, with the new Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD) and NATO service armaments groups taking on the functions of the vanished Armaments Committee.

Atlantic Community Committee

  • AC/10
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1952

The AC/10 chronological series contains the records of the Committee on the North Atlantic Community.Established in October 1951, this Committee was responsible for making recommendations on foreign policy co-ordination and discussions, closer economic, financial and social ties and, finally, co-operation on culture and information. To assist it in its duties, it set up a working group tasked with the preparatory work for the Committee’s endeavours, whose duties are detailed in the first document of the series (see AC/10-D/1). The Committee and the Working Group both met in Belgrave Square, London and, in the documents, are often referred to indiscriminately.A report (see C/8-D/6) was submitted to the Council by the Committee in February 1952. The Council agreed the Committee’s recommendations, including the resolution to eliminate the Committee and to transfer its role and responsibilities to the North Atlantic Council.

Atlantic Policy Advisory Group

  • APAG
  • Corporate body
  • 1961-1979

The APAG chronological series contains the records of the Atlantic Policy Advisory Group.Established in 1961 by the Council, the purpose of the Group was to "provide the North Atlantic Council with studies on long-term policy problems" (C-M(61)101). It was believed that these informal meetings of high ranking officials of the Foreign Affairs Ministries would provide for wide ranging discussions on the international situation. The free, off-the-record discussions on long-range policy questions were summarized in a report presented to the Council by the Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs under his own responsibility.The meetings were usually held twice a year, in spring and in the autumn, over several days, in an isolated location of a member country conducive to fruitful exchanges. The topics discussed were first approved by the Council following suggestions by the Group. Attendants started with a "tour d'horizon" on political developments which had taken place since the last meeting, usually followed by one main theme.In June 1969 the US authorities suggested changes to the operation of the Atlantic Policy Advisory Group; in PO(69)329 (dated 2nd July 1969), the Secretary General proposed a new system to be tested over the next two years. The first meeting of the year would continue in its traditional format and the report would be circulated by the Chairman for discussion by the Council. The Council's discussions on the report would then form the agenda for the second meeting of APAG which would address medium-term policy questions of more practical concern to the Alliance. In 1974 it was proposed to discontinue the second type of yearly meetings based on the experience of the previous three years.

C - North Atlantic Council

  • NAC
  • Corporate body
  • 1949

The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the principal body and the highest authority of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; its Terms of Reference are constituted by Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty: "The Parties hereby establish a Council, on which each of them shall be represented, to consider matters concerning the implementation of this Treaty. The Council shall be so organized as to be able to meet promptly at any time. The Council shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary: in particular it shall establish immediately a Defence Committee which shall recommend measures for the implementation of Articles 3 and 5."Originally made up of the Foreign Ministers, its composition was modified in 1951 to include Defence and Finance Ministers. The Council held nine sessions [C1 to C9] between September 1949 and February 1952, when it was transformed into its current form as a permanent body. At the time Council noted that "In order to function in permanent session with effective powers of decision, each member government should appoint a Permanent Representative who should represent his Government on the Council when its Ministerial Representatives are not present." In April 1952 the permanent headquarters of the Council were transferred to Paris and in 1967 to Brussels. From May 1950 to the February 1952 reorganization, the Council's directives were executed by a permanent body, the North Atlantic Council Deputies (D). The Council Deputies were formally abolished on the 5th April 1952.The Presidency of the Council (Présidence d'honneur) is entrusted to one of the Foreign Ministers according to an annual rotation following the English alphabetical order of the member nations. The Secretary General chairs the Council in permanent session and since 1957 in Ministerial session. The Council in permanent session meets at least once a week and in Ministerial session in the spring and in December at NATO HQ.Regardless of the level at which it meets – Permanent Representatives, Foreign Ministers, Heads of State or Government – the decisions of the Council have equal validity. Decisions are taken on the basis of unanimity and no voting takes place. In January 1964 the Council decided that the regular weekly meeting should begin in restricted session with a standing item "Statements on Political Subjects." This decision was based on the desire to give impetus to more frequent and thorough political consultation. No official record of these discussions are issued. Private meetings of Permanent Representatives are also held when necessary and no official record of these meetings is issued.

CSGM - Standing Group

  • CSGM
  • Corporate body
  • 1951-1966

Between 1949 and 1963, the Standing Group (hereinafter referred to as SG) was made up of the French, British and US representatives, who acted as Chairman on a rotating annual basis. The SG met regularly, once a week. The Chairman was assisted by a Director in the performance of his duties and the effective implementation of day-to-day work. (See SGM-1702-SG, page 6, SG organization).Following a reshuffle which was approved in 1963 and became effective in 1964, all the subordinate groups of the SG were opened up to the other NATO member nations (see MC 2/2-final and MCM-114-63). From that point on, each subordinate group was chaired for 2 or 3 years by one nation (preferably not France, the US or the UK).The SG and all its subordinate groups (including the secretariat) were abolished in July 1966, after France decided to withdraw from the integrated military structure (see MCM-90-66(REV) and GF(66)D-27).

Central Europe Pipeline Policy Committee

  • AC/120
  • Corporate body
  • 1956-1974

The AC/120 chronological series contains the records of the Central Europe Pipeline Policy Committee.The CEPPC began its work in December 1956. It was made up of representatives from the eight NATO nations which were using the Central Europe System, i.e. Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. Representatives from SHAPE also attended the meetings. At the start of its first meeting on 17 December 1956, the Committee elected an interim president, Mr. A.L.M. Cary (UK Representative).As provided for in C-M(56)129 (as approved by the Council on 19 December 1956 (C-R(56)77)), the Committee was tasked with acting in close cooperation with the Central Europe Pipeline Office on all matters related to the operation and maintenance of the Central Europe Pipeline System and, in particular, it was required to define and allocate financial and economic liability. Its prior approval was necessary for all decisions by the Central Europe Pipeline Office, the Central Europe Operating Agency, and the national agencies and divisions with respect to the allocation of common funding. In addition, the Committee was tasked with formulating and recommending solutions to all conflicts of a financial or economic nature dealing with the operation and maintenance of the Central Europe system. It appointed its own Chairman, and met only as required.The NATO Pipeline Committee operated under the same name until late 1997(1). It was subsequently replaced by the new "CEPMO Board of Directors" (2).

Chairman and the Secretary of the Political Committee

  • POLADS
  • Corporate body
  • 1967-1974

The POLADS(1) series was established in the early 1960's to forward in an informal manner communications from the Chairman or the Secretary of the Political Committee to individual members of delegations. Originally produced on a hectograph machine as a "blue", the documents of this series were subsequently stencilled and circulated by the Central Registry. They were microfilmed as a series from 1970. From 2004 onwards the series ceased to exist as a separate series and was circulated as a subset of the AC/119 series.

Civil Protection Committee

  • AC/23(CD)
  • Corporate body
  • 1952-1970

The AC/23(CD) chronological series contains the records of the Civil Protection Committee (hereinafter referred to as the CPC). The CPC was established and its terms of reference approved by the North Atlantic Council (Council) on 19 November 1952 as proposed by the Working Group of Civil Organization in Time of War (AC/23) (see C-R(52)29 and AC/23-D/25). The initial terms of reference were revised on 04/08/1966 (C-M(66)66), 07/11/1988 (AC/23-D/798) and 05/10/1994 (AC/23-D/818). Within its terms of reference, the CPC's tasks were defined by the MInisterial Guidance for Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) (for example, C-M(81)21), which was part of the Civil Emergency Planning and Review Cycle. The CPC was one of eight Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) planning boards and committees which were intended to ensure, in the event of an attack, the survival of populations, the support of military operations, the protection and use of vital resources, and the early recovery and rehabilitation of countries (see AC/12-D/357).The CPC dealt with the international coordination of planning in the area of civil protection at times of crisis or war (see AC/23-D/98). More specifically, it supervised the effectiveness of the NATO Refugee Agency (NRA), coordinated NRA participation in NATO exercises, drew up joint action plans in the event of attack and analysed the consequences (see AC/23-D/798 and C-M(66)66).The CPC did not deal with general policy issues in the area of civil protection. These were the responsibility of AC/23, which was the superior body (see AC/23(CD)-D/1). The CPC met at least once a year. Each member country could be represented, as well as the NATO Military Authorities. Its chairman was appointed for a three-year term. The chairmanship was preferably rotational (see AC/98-D/161). It reported to the Civil Emergency Planning Committee (CEPC) and, through the latter, to the Council (PO(2010)0074-REV2).The CPC was authorized to create bodies to assist it in specific tasks; in 1965 there were nine such subordinate bodies (see AC/23(CD)N/108).

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