- 1957 - ? (Creation)
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AC/119 series records contain information on East-West relations and reports on the evolution of each satellite country and its relations with the Soviet Union. The series also contains documents on the relations of NATO countries with Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia (e.g.: economic aid in 1957-1958, the emigration of Hungarian refugees following the events of 1956 in Hungary; the events in Czechoslovakia in 1968 and in Poland in 1970). It also contains intelligence on the political situation in China and on the USSR’s relations with China (1958-70), with Yugoslavia (1957-58) and with the underdeveloped countries (1957-61), plus documents on the Soviet rocket launch programme in the Pacific Ocean (1960) and information on the construction of the Aswan dam (1959).
The AC/119 series also contains documents on the situation in Afghanistan (including the Soviet penetration of that country in 1959), Syria (1957, 1963), Somalia (1959-60), Iraq (1957-63), Argentina (1966), Libya (1970), Cuba (1960-63) and the Mediterranean (Soviet naval presence, 1969-70). Political Committee documents also address the Palestinian refugee issue (1959). There are records on the ministerial session in Reykjavik (1968) and on the Berlin crisis (1961).
The series also provides information on the preparations for several conferences such as the IPU conference on European security in Helsinki (1971-74), the World Disarmament Conference (1972-73) and the Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1974). The series includes records on the Swiss initiative to create a European system for peaceful conflict resolution (1973) and the draft Convention on the Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space. Also mentioned are the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the prohibition of incendiary weapons including napalm (1973), the International Congress of Civil Defence Organizations and the Law of the Sea Conference (Caracas, 1974).
Finally, the series contains information on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the NATO member countries and the German Democratic Republic (1973-74), Libya’s passport policy (in particular as viewed through incidents affecting member country nationals, 1973-74), Italian-Yugoslav relations (zonal dispute over the Free Territory of Trieste in 1974), China’s policy on the situation in the Spratly Islands and the Paracels Islands (1974), the extension of Libyan coastal waters (1973-74), reactions to the explosion of a third nuclear device by China (1969), a political assessment of the explosion of an Indian nuclear device (1974), the draft Chemical Weapons Convention (1974), the Iranian proposal to set up a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East and the draft study on détente (1974).
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(2) See the series AC/34 and TSP.
(3) From when it was set up in 1957 until the end of January 1968, AC/119 was known as the "Committee of Political Advisers" in English. In February 1968 it took the name "Political Committee", corresponding to the French designation "Comité politique" which had been used since it was formed.
(4) See also the series under reference POLADS.
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- Political Committee (Creator)